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Bank capital buffer and portfolio risk: The influence of business cycle and revenue diversification

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  • Shim, Jeungbo

Abstract

The relationship between macroeconomic developments and bank capital buffer and portfolio risk adjustments is relevant to assess the efficacy of newly created countercyclical buffer requirements. Using the U.S. bank holding company data over the period 1992:Q1–2011:Q3, we find a negative relationship between the business cycle and capital buffer. Our results offer some support for the Basel III agreements that countercyclical capital buffer in the banking sector is necessary to help the performance of the real economy during recessions. We find a robust evidence of inverse relationship between business cycle and bank default risk. Our analysis provides evidence of diversification benefits. The probability of insolvency risk decreases for diversified banks and banks with high revenue diversity achieve capital savings.

Suggested Citation

  • Shim, Jeungbo, 2013. "Bank capital buffer and portfolio risk: The influence of business cycle and revenue diversification," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 761-772.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:3:p:761-772 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.10.002
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    1. Chris Garbers & Guangling Liu, 2016. "Credit market heterogeneity, balance sheet (in) dependence, financial shocks," Working Papers 633, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    2. Buchholz, Manuel & Schmidt, Kirsten & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Do conventional monetary policy instruments matter in unconventional times?," IWH Discussion Papers 12/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    3. Yang Li & Yi-Kai Chen & Feng Sheng Chien & Wen Chih Lee & Yi Ching Hsu, 2016. "Study of optimal capital adequacy ratios," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 261-274, June.
    4. repec:eee:jbfina:v:82:y:2017:i:c:p:203-216 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kim, Dohan & Sohn, Wook, 2017. "The effect of bank capital on lending: Does liquidity matter?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 95-107.
    6. Tammuz Alraheb Ab & Christina Nicolas & Amine Tarazi, 2017. "Institutional Environment and Bank Capital Ratios," Working Papers hal-01475923, HAL.
    7. repec:kap:iaecre:v:21:y:2015:i:3:p:287-298 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Chernykh, Lucy & Cole, Rebel A., 2015. "How should we measure bank capital adequacy for triggering Prompt Corrective Action? A (simple) proposal," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 131-143.
    9. Guidara, Alaa & Lai, Van Son & Soumaré, Issouf & Tchana, Fulbert Tchana, 2013. "Banks’ capital buffer, risk and performance in the Canadian banking system: Impact of business cycles and regulatory changes," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3373-3387.
    10. Xiaoqing (Maggie) Fu & Yongjia (Rebecca) Lin & Philip Molyneux, 2016. "Bank Capital And Liquidity Creation In Asia Pacific," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 54(2), pages 966-993, April.
    11. George Geronikolaou, 2015. "On the Effect of Market Share Dispersion on New Firm Entry," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 21(3), pages 287-298, August.
    12. Sine KONTBAY BUSUN & Adnan KASMAN, 2015. "A Note on Bank Capital Buffer, Portfolio Risk and Business Cycle," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 15(1), pages 1-7.
    13. Daher, Hassan & Masih, Mansur & Ibrahim, Mansor, 2015. "The unique risk exposures of Islamic banks’ capital buffers: A dynamic panel data analysis," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 36-52.
    14. repec:eee:finsta:v:30:y:2017:i:c:p:92-110 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Umara Noreen & Fizza Alamdar & Tabassum Tariq, 2016. "Capital Buffers and Bank Risk: Empirical Study of Adjustment of Pakistani Banks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1798-1806.
    16. Kolade Sunday Adesina & John Muteba Mwamba, 2016. "Do Basel III Higher Common Equity Capital Requirements Matter for Bank Risk-taking Behaviour? Lessons from South Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 28(3), pages 319-331, September.
    17. Hogan, Thomas L., 2015. "Capital and risk in commercial banking: A comparison of capital and risk-based capital ratios," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 32-45.
    18. Hans Degryse & Sanja Jakovljević & Steven Ongena, 2015. "A Review of Empirical Research on the Design and Impact of Regulation in the Banking Sector," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 7(1), pages 423-443, December.
    19. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:1455-1466 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Michael Doumpos & Chrysovalantis Gaganis & Fotios Pasiouras, 2016. "Bank Diversification and Overall Financial Strength: International Evidence," Working Papers 1602, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
    21. Daher, Hassan & Masih, A.Mansur M. & Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2014. "Islamic Banks’ Capital Buffers: Unique Risk Exposures and the Disciplining Effects of Charter Values," MPRA Paper 56947, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital buffer; Portfolio risk; Business cycle; Diversification;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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