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Asymptotic distribution of factor augmented estimators for panel regression

Author

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  • Greenaway-McGrevy, Ryan
  • Han, Chirok
  • Sul, Donggyu

Abstract

In this paper we derive an asymptotic theory for linear panel regression augmented with estimated common factors. We give conditions under which the estimated factors can be used in place of the latent factors in the regression equation. For the principal components estimate of the factor space it is shown that these conditions are satisfied when T/N→0 and N/T3→0 under regularity. Monte Carlo studies verify the asymptotic theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Greenaway-McGrevy, Ryan & Han, Chirok & Sul, Donggyu, 2012. "Asymptotic distribution of factor augmented estimators for panel regression," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 169(1), pages 48-53.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:169:y:2012:i:1:p:48-53
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2012.01.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2006. "Estimation and Inference in Large Heterogeneous Panels with a Multifactor Error Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 967-1012, July.
    2. Ahn, Seung C. & Lee, Young H. & Schmidt, Peter, 2013. "Panel data models with multiple time-varying individual effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 174(1), pages 1-14.
    3. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2002. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 191-221, January.
    4. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Sul, Donggyu, 2007. "Bias in dynamic panel estimation with fixed effects, incidental trends and cross section dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 162-188, March.
    5. Bai, Z. D. & Silverstein, Jack W. & Yin, Y. Q., 1988. "A note on the largest eigenvalue of a large dimensional sample covariance matrix," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 166-168, August.
    6. Ahn, Seung Chan & Hoon Lee, Young & Schmidt, Peter, 2001. "GMM estimation of linear panel data models with time-varying individual effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 101(2), pages 219-255, April.
    7. Jushan Bai, 2009. "Panel Data Models With Interactive Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(4), pages 1229-1279, July.
    8. Stock J.H. & Watson M.W., 2002. "Forecasting Using Principal Components From a Large Number of Predictors," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 97, pages 1167-1179, December.
    9. Ben S. Bernanke & Jean Boivin & Piotr Eliasz, 2005. "Measuring the Effects of Monetary Policy: A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressive (FAVAR) Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(1), pages 387-422.
    10. Jushan Bai, 2003. "Inferential Theory for Factor Models of Large Dimensions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 135-171, January.
    11. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2006. "Confidence Intervals for Diffusion Index Forecasts and Inference for Factor-Augmented Regressions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 1133-1150, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Factor augmented panel regression; Factor augmented estimator; Principal component augmented estimator; Cross section dependence; Interactive fixed effects;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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