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The Factor-Lasso And K-Step Bootstrap Approach For Inference In High-Dimensional Economic Applications

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  • Hansen, Christian
  • Liao, Yuan

Abstract

We consider inference about coefficients on a small number of variables of interest in a linear panel data model with additive unobserved individual and time specific effects and a large number of additional time-varying confounding variables. We suppose that, in addition to unrestricted time and individual specific effects, these confounding variables are generated by a small number of common factors and high-dimensional weakly dependent disturbances. We allow that both the factors and the disturbances are related to the outcome variable and other variables of interest. To make informative inference feasible, we impose that the contribution of the part of the confounding variables not captured by time specific effects, individual specific effects, or the common factors can be captured by a relatively small number of terms whose identities are unknown. Within this framework, we provide a convenient inferential procedure based on factor extraction followed by lasso regression and show that the procedure has good asymptotic properties. We also provide a simple k-step bootstrap procedure that may be used to construct inferential statements about the low-dimensional parameters of interest and prove its asymptotic validity. We provide simulation evidence about the performance of our procedure and illustrate its use in an empirical application.

Suggested Citation

  • Hansen, Christian & Liao, Yuan, 2019. "The Factor-Lasso And K-Step Bootstrap Approach For Inference In High-Dimensional Economic Applications," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(3), pages 465-509, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:35:y:2019:i:03:p:465-509_00
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:aea:aecrev:v:109:y:2019:i:9:p:3307-38 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Smeekes, Stephan & Wijler, Etienne, 2018. "Macroeconomic forecasting using penalized regression methods," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 408-430.
    3. Victor Chernozhukov & Kaspar Wüthrich & Yu Zhu, 2017. "An exact and robust conformal inference method for counterfactual and synthetic controls," CeMMAP working papers CWP62/17, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Simon Freyaldenhoven & Christian Hansen & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2019. "Pre-event Trends in the Panel Event-Study Design," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 109(9), pages 3307-3338, September.

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    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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