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Fighting Capital Flight in Africa: Evidence from Bundling and Unbundling Governance

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  • Simplice A. Asongu

    () (Yaoundé/Cameroon)

  • Jacinta C. Nwachukwu

    () (Coventry University, UK)

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of governance on capital flight by bundling and unbundling governance. The empirical evidence is based on 37 African countries for the period 1996-2010 and the Generalised Method of Moments. Governance is bundled by principal component analysis, namely: (i) political governance from political stability and ‘voice and accountability’; (ii) economic governance from government effectiveness and regulation quality and (iii) institutional governance from corruption-control and the rule of law. The following findings are established. (i) Political stability and ‘voice and accountability’ reduce capital flight while the collective effect of political governance is not significant. (ii) Economic governance increases capital flight whereas the individual effects of regulation quality and government effectiveness are not significant. (iii) Corruption-control and institutional governance negatively affect capital flight whereas the impact of the rule of law is not significant. (iv) Taken together, Corruption-control is the most effective governance weapon in the fight against capital flight. (v) Priority in the Washington Consensus is more effective at fighting capital flight compared to the Beijing Model. Policy implications are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2016. "Fighting Capital Flight in Africa: Evidence from Bundling and Unbundling Governance," Research Africa Network Working Papers 16/047, Research Africa Network (RAN).
  • Handle: RePEc:abh:wpaper:16/047
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph I. Uduji & Elda N. Okolo-Obasi, 2019. "Transfer pricing and corporate social responsibility: arguments, views and agenda," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 32(3), pages 353-363, November.
    2. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph I. Uduji & Elda N. Okolo-Obasi, 2020. "Fighting African capital flight: trajectories, dynamics, and tendencies," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 6(1), pages 1-21, December.
    3. Chimere O. Iheonu & Kingsley O. Odo & Davidmac O. Ekeocha, 2020. "Estimating the effect of Democracy, Governance and Militarisation on Peace in Africa," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 20/046, African Governance and Development Institute..
    4. Thales Pacific Yapatake Kossele & Li Jin Shan, 2018. "Economic Security and the Political Governance Crisis in Central African Republic," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 30(4), pages 462-477, December.
    5. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2019. "Governance, capital flight and industrialisation in Africa," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 8(1), pages 1-22, December.
    6. Simplice A. Asongu & Joseph Nnanna, 2020. "Governance and the capital flight trap in Africa," Transnational Corporations Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 276-292, July.
    7. Simplice A. Asongu & Paul N. Acha-Anyi, 2020. "A survey on the Washington Consensus and the Beijing Model: reconciling development perspectives," International Review of Economics, Springer;Happiness Economics and Interpersonal Relations (HEIRS), vol. 67(2), pages 111-129, June.
    8. Mercy W. Mwangi & Amos G. Njuguna & George O. Achoki, 2019. "Relationship between corruption and capital flight in Kenya: 1998-2018," International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 8(5), pages 237-250, September.
    9. Chimere O. Iheonu, 2019. "Governance and Domestic Investment in Africa," Working Papers 19/001, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
    10. Pacific K. T. Yapatake & Gabriella M-A. M Ngaba, 2019. "Capital Flight and Extent of Corruption control in the Least Corrupt African Countries: An Empirical assessment," CEREDEC Working Papers 19/002, Centre de Recherche pour le Développement Economique (CEREDEC).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Econometric modelling; Capital flight; Governance; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • P37 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Legal

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