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How has politico-economic liberalization affected financial allocation efficiency? Fresh African evidence

  • Asongu, Simplice A

This paper investigates how financial, trade, institutional and political liberalization policies have affected financial efficiency in Africa. It uses updated data to appraise second generation reforms in order to gather fresh evidence and derive more updated policy implications. The ‘freedom to trade’ and ‘economic freedom’ indices are also employed. The following findings are established. (1) Financial liberalization mitigates financial allocation efficiency, with the magnitude of the de jure indicator (KAOPEN) higher than that of the de facto measurement (FDI). (2) Exports significantly improve financial efficiency. (3) Institutional liberalization has a positive effect on the efficiency of allocation while the effect of political liberalization is not significant. (4) Freedom of trade decreases (improves) financial (banking) system efficiency. (5) Economic freedom facilitates the transformation of mobilized financial resources (deposits) into credit for economic operators. Justifications for these nexuses are provided.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 44995.

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Date of creation: 03 Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Economics Bulletin 1.33(2013): pp. 663-676
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:44995
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  1. Simplice A, Asongu, 2010. "Bank efficiency and openness in Africa: do income levels matter?," MPRA Paper 27011, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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  8. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Financial development dynamic thresholds of financial globalization: evidence from Africa," Working Papers 12/020, African Governance and Development Institute..
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  10. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Why do French civil-law countries have higher levels of financial efficiency?," Working Papers 11/011, African Governance and Development Institute..
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  14. Cho, Yoon Je, 1986. "Inefficiencies from Financial Liberalization in the Absence of Well-Functioning Equity Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 18(2), pages 191-99, May.
  15. Menzie D. Chinn & Hiro Ito, 2002. "Capital Account Liberalization, Institutions and Financial Development: Cross Country Evidence," NBER Working Papers 8967, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  19. Kenneth Rogoff, 1999. "International Institutions for Reducing Global Financial Instability," NBER Working Papers 7265, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  20. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "How has Mobile Banking Stimulated Financial Development in Africa?," Working Papers 12/027, African Governance and Development Institute..
  21. H.M. Leung, 2003. "External debt and worsening business cycles in less developed countries," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 30(2), pages 155-168, May.
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  23. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar & Taylor, Ashley D., 2009. "Thresholds in the Process of International Financial Integration," IZA Discussion Papers 4133, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  24. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Harmonizing IPRs on Software Piracy: Empirics of Trajectories in Africa," Working Papers 12/025, African Governance and Development Institute..
  25. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian, 2009. "Why Did Financial Globalization Disappoint?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(1), pages 112-138, April.
  26. Enowbi Batuo, Michael & Guidi, Francesco & Mlambo, Kupukile, 2010. "Financial Development and Income Inequality: Evidence from African Countries," MPRA Paper 25658, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  27. Shady Kholdy & Ahmad Sohrabian, 2008. "Foreign direct investment, financial markets, and political corruption," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(6), pages 486-500, November.
  28. Philip Arestis & Panicos O. Demetriades & Bassam Fattouh & Kostas Mouratidis, 2002. "The Impact of Financial Liberalisation Policies on Financial Development Evidence from Developing Economies," Discussion Papers in Economics 02/1, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  29. Enowbi Batuo, Michael & Kupukile, Mlambo, 2009. "How Can Economic and Political Liberalisation Improve Financial Development in African Countries?," MPRA Paper 20651, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  30. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
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  32. M.R. Mulwa & A. Emrouznejad & F.M. Murithi, 2009. "Impact of liberalization on efficiency and productivity of sugar industry in Kenya," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(3), pages 250-264, September.
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