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Bank Efficiency and Openness in Africa: Do Income Levels Matter?

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  • Asongu Simplice

    () (Yaoundé/Cameroun)

Abstract

This paper integrates a previously missing wealth-effect component in the openness-finance debate. From a panel of 29 low and middle income African countries with data spanning from 1987 to 2008, we provide evidence that openness (trade and financial) triggers less bank efficiency in low income countries than in their middle income counterparts. These findings justify the absence of a banking comparative advantage and consequently, the issue of over-liquidity resulting from low funding of economic operators with mobilized financial deposits. In terms of policy implications, globalization increases economic cost of banks in sampled countries, with trade openness more detrimental than financial openness. Banks in middle income countries play a greater role in financing activities resulting from trade openness than those in low income countries. Also, a lot needs to be done on the improvement of infrastructures that curtails information asymmetry in the banking industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Asongu Simplice, 2010. "Bank Efficiency and Openness in Africa: Do Income Levels Matter?," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 10/001, African Governance and Development Institute., revised 18 Dec 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:agd:wpaper:10/001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Baltagi, Badi H. & Demetriades, Panicos O. & Law, Siong Hook, 2009. "Financial development and openness: Evidence from panel data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2), pages 285-296, July.
    2. Simplice Anutechia, Asongu, 2010. "Linkages between Financial Development and Openness: panel evidence from developing countries," MPRA Paper 26926, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    11. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Globalization, Financial Development and Regional Economic Dynamics: asymmetric panel evidence from Africa," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 11/008, African Governance and Development Institute..
    12. Sandrine Kablan, 2009. "Banking Efficiency and Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)," The African Finance Journal, Africagrowth Institute, vol. 11(2), pages 28-50.
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    16. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2004:i:33:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Simplice A, Asongu, 2010. "Financial development, trade openness and financial openness: do income levels matter for developing countries?," MPRA Paper 27441, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice Asongu, 2015. "Liberalisation and Financial Sector Competition: A Critical Contribution to the Empirics with an African Assessment," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(3), pages 425-451, September.
    2. Simplice A Asongu, 2014. "On the substitution of institutions and finance in investment," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(3), pages 1557-1574.
    3. Asongu Simplice, 2013. "Globalization and Africa: implications for human development," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 12(3), pages 213-238, September.
    4. Asongu Simplice, 2014. "Fresh Patterns of Liberalization, Bank Return and Return Uncertainty in Africa," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 14/004, African Governance and Development Institute..
    5. Simplice Asongu & Vanessa Tchamyou, 2015. "The Comparative African Regional Economics of Globalization in Financial Allocation Efficiency," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 15/053, African Governance and Development Institute..
    6. Simplice Asongu & Vanessa Tchamyou, 2015. "Inequality, Finance and Pro-Poor Investment in Africa," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 15/052, African Governance and Development Institute..
    7. Simplice A Asongu, 2013. "How has politico-economic liberalization affected financial allocation efficiency? Fresh African evidence," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(1), pages 663-676.
    8. Simplice A. Asongu, 2013. "How has Mobile Phone Penetration Stimulated Financial Development in Africa?," Journal of African Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 7-18, April.
    9. Simplice A. Asongu, 2014. "The “knowledge economy”–finance nexus in SSA and MENA countries," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(2), pages 200-213, June.
    10. Simplice A., Asongu, 2011. "New financial intermediary development indicators for developing countries," MPRA Paper 30921, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Simplice Asongu, 2014. "Financial development dynamic thresholds of financial globalization: Evidence from Africa," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 41(2), pages 166-195, March.
    12. Simplice Asongu, 2014. "The impact of health worker migration on development dynamics: evidence of wealth effects from Africa," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 15(2), pages 187-201, March.
    13. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Are financial benefits of financial globalization questionable until greater domestic financial development has taken place?," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 12/007, African Governance and Development Institute..

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banking; Intermediation Efficiency; Openness; Panel Data; Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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