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The impact of health worker migration on development dynamics: evidence of wealth-effects from Africa

  • Simplice A, Asongu

This paper examines three relevant hypotheses on the incidence of health worker migration on human development and economic prosperity (at macro and micro levels) in Africa. Owing to lack of relevant data on Health Human Resource(HHR) migration for the continent, the subject matter has remained empirically void over the last decades despite the acute concern of health professional emigration. Using quantile regression, the following findings have been established. (1) The effect of HHR emigration is positive (negative) at low (high) levels of economic growth. (2) HHR emigration improves (mitigates) human development (GDP per capita growth) in low (high) quantiles of the distribution. (3)Specific differences in effects are found in top quantiles of human development and low quantiles of GDP per capita growth where the physician (nurse) emigration elasticities of development are positive (negative) and negative (positive) respectively. As a policy implication blanked health-worker emigration control policies are unlikely to succeed across countries with different levels of human development and economic prosperity. Hence the policies should be contingent on the prevailing levels of development and tailored differently across the most and least developed African countries.

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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/38189/1/MPRA_paper_38189.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38189.

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Date of creation: 18 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38189
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  1. Albanesi, Stefania, 2007. "Inflation and inequality," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 1088-1114, May.
  2. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521845731, November.
  3. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter?," Working Papers 12/012, African Governance and Development Institute..
  4. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
  5. Okada, Keisuke & Samreth, Sovannroeun, 2011. "The effect of foreign aid on corruption: A quantile regression approach," MPRA Paper 27969, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Robert J. Barro, 1998. "Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262522543.
  7. Billger, Sherrilyn M. & Goel, Rajeev K., 2009. "Do existing corruption levels matter in controlling corruption?: Cross-country quantile regression estimates," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 299-305, November.
  8. Johnson, D. Gale, 2002. "Globalization: what it is and who benefits," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 427-439.
  9. Simplice Anutechia Asongu, 2012. "Bank Efficiency and Openness in Africa: Do Income Levels Matter?," The Review of Finance and Banking, Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti, Romania / Facultatea de Finante, Asigurari, Banci si Burse de Valori / Catedra de Finante, vol. 4(2), pages 115-122, December.
  10. By Ales BulÌr, 2001. "Income Inequality: Does Inflation Matter?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(1), pages 5.
  11. Michael A. Clemens & Gunilla Pettersson, 2006. "A New Database of Health Professional Emigration from Africa," Working Papers 95, Center for Global Development.
  12. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Fighting corruption with cultural dynamics: when legal-origins, religious-influences and existing corruption-control levels matter," Working Papers 12/015, African Governance and Development Institute..
  13. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Fighting corruption when existing corruption-control levels count : what do wealth effects tell us?," Working Papers 12/013, African Governance and Development Institute..
  14. Michael Binder & Georgios Georgiadis, 2010. "Determinants of Human Development: Insights from State-Dependent Panel Models," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2010-24, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  15. Simplice A., Asongu, 2011. "Investment and inequality in Africa: which financial channels are good for the poor?," MPRA Paper 34990, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  16. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Reversed Economics and Inhumanity of Development Assistance in Africa," Working Papers 12/034, African Governance and Development Institute..
  17. Asongu Simplice, 2012. "Fighting corruption when existing corruption-control levels count: what do wealth-effects tell us in Africa?," Working Papers 12/014, African Governance and Development Institute..
  18. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
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