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Energy-growth long-term relationship under structural breaks. Evidence from Canada, 17 Latin American economies and the USA

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  • Rodríguez-Caballero, Carlos Vladimir
  • Ventosa-Santaulària, Daniel

Abstract

We study the relationship and the causal link between Electric Power Consumption, EPC, and Gross Domestic Product, GDP (both per capita) for 17 countries in Latin America, Canada and the USA. Considering that many of these economies underwent important economic crises in the last three decades, we therefore model the EPC-GDP relationship through a VEC specification that allows for structural breaks, along with a robust testing methodology of causal links based on the concepts of weak and super exogeneity, rather than Granger causality. Evidence favorable to the growth hypothesis (EPC→GDP) is found for eight countries, while data of three countries support the conservation hypothesis (GDP→EPC). For three countries evidence is favorable to the neutrality hypothesis, but should be considered with caution. As for the remaining five countries the evidence is not conclusive.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez-Caballero, Carlos Vladimir & Ventosa-Santaulària, Daniel, 2017. "Energy-growth long-term relationship under structural breaks. Evidence from Canada, 17 Latin American economies and the USA," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 121-134.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:61:y:2017:i:c:p:121-134
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2016.10.026
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    Keywords

    Energy consumption; Economic growth; VECM; Causal links; Structural breaks;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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