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Qualification Structure, Over- and Underqualification of the Foreign Born in Austria and the EU

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  • Peter Huber
  • Klaus Nowotny
  • Julia Bock-Schappelwein

Abstract

This project focuses on comparing the qualification structure of migrants residing in Austria as well as their over- and underqualification rates to other EU countries. The skill structure of foreign born residing in Austria has improved slightly in the last years. Austria is, however, characterised by a high share of medium skilled migrants and a low share of highly skilled migrants. In addition among the pool of migrants in the EU from a given country, Austria generally selects the less qualified. The location decisions of highly skilled migrants are mostly governed by income opportunities, labour market conditions, ethnic networks and a common official language. Over- and under-qualification rates among the foreign born in Austria largely accord with the European average, the largest part of the differences can be explained by differences in qualification and country structure between the foreign born in Austria and the EU. Native-foreign born differentials in employment rates are, however, significantly higher in Austria than in other EU countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Huber & Klaus Nowotny & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2010. "Qualification Structure, Over- and Underqualification of the Foreign Born in Austria and the EU," FIW Research Reports series II-008, FIW.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsr:ecbook:2010:i:ii-008
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    Citations

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    as


    Cited by:

    1. Peter Huber, 2011. "Educational Attainment and Education-job Mismatch of Cross-border Commuters in the EU," WIFO Working Papers 388, WIFO.
    2. repec:wfo:wstudy:60625 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Peter Huber, 2010. "Labour Market Integration of Migrants in Austria," WIFO Working Papers 365, WIFO.
    4. repec:wfo:wstudy:57933 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Petr Huber & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2013. "The Impact of Migration Policy on Migrants' Education Structure: Evidence from an Austrian Policy Reform," MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics 2013-35, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    6. Peter Huber & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2014. "The Effects of Liberalizing Migration on Permanent Migrants' Education Structure," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 268-284, March.
    7. Stefan Ederer & Jürgen Janger, 2011. "Growth and Employment Policies in Austria in a New European Framework," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 84(6), pages 421-433, June.
    8. repec:wfo:wstudy:42430 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Migration Policy; Migrant Skill Structure; Integration;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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