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Qualification Structure, Over- and Underqualification of the Foreign Born in Austria and the EU

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  • Peter Huber
  • Klaus Nowotny
  • Julia Bock-Schappelwein

Abstract

This project focuses on comparing the qualification structure of migrants residing in Austria as well as their over- and underqualification rates to other EU countries. The skill structure of foreign born residing in Austria has improved slightly in the last years. Austria is, however, characterised by a high share of medium skilled migrants and a low share of highly skilled migrants. In addition among the pool of migrants in the EU from a given country, Austria generally selects the less qualified. The location decisions of highly skilled migrants are mostly governed by income opportunities, labour market conditions, ethnic networks and a common official language. Over- and under-qualification rates among the foreign born in Austria largely accord with the European average, the largest part of the differences can be explained by differences in qualification and country structure between the foreign born in Austria and the EU. Native-foreign born differentials in employment rates are, however, significantly higher in Austria than in other EU countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Huber & Klaus Nowotny & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2010. "Qualification Structure, Over- and Underqualification of the Foreign Born in Austria and the EU," FIW Research Reports series II-008, FIW.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsr:ecbook:2010:i:ii-008
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Huber, 2011. "Educational Attainment and Education-job Mismatch of Cross-border Commuters in the EU," WIFO Working Papers 388, WIFO.
    2. Peter Mayerhofer & Oliver Fritz, 2013. "Wiens Stadtwirtschaft. Internationale Spezialisierungschancen, zentrale Wirtschaftsbereiche," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 57933, June.
    3. Peter Huber & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2013. "The Impact of Migration Policy on Migrants’ Education Structure: Evidence from Austrian Policy Reform," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 1, pages 1-21, March.
    4. Peter Huber & Julia Bock‐Schappelwein, 2014. "The Effects of Liberalizing Migration on Permanent Migrants' Education Structure," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 268-284, March.
    5. Stefan Ederer & Jürgen Janger, 2011. "Wachstums- und Beschäftigungspolitik in Österreich unter neuen europäischen Rahmenbedingungen," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 84(6), pages 421-433, June.
    6. Peter Mayerhofer & Oliver Fritz & Dieter Pennerstorfer, 2010. "Dritter Bericht zur internationalen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit Wiens," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 42430, June.
    7. Peter Mayerhofer & Matthias Firgo & Stefan Schönfelder, 2015. "Vierter Bericht zur internationalen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit Wiens," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 60625, June.
    8. Klaus Nowotny, 2011. "AFLA Arbeitskräftemobilität und Fachkräftebedarf nach der Liberalisierung des österreichischen Arbeitsmarktes. Migrations- und Pendelpotentiale nach Ende der Übergangsfristen für die Arbeitskräftefrei," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 41563, June.
    9. Peter Huber, 2010. "Die Arbeitsmarktintegration von Migrantinnen und Migranten in Österreich," WIFO Working Papers 365, WIFO.
    10. Klaus Nowotny, 2011. "FAMO Fachkräftemonitoring. Regelmäßige Erhebung des Angebots und des Bedarfs an Fachkräften in der Grenzregion Ostösterreichs mit der Slowakei. FAMO II: Migrations- und Pendelpotentiale in Wien und de," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 42872, June.
    11. Stefan Vogtenhuber & David Baumegger & Lorenz Lassnigg, 2018. "Arbeitskräfteangebot und Nachfrage: Verdrängung durch Bildungsexpansion?," Working Paper Reihe der AK Wien - Materialien zu Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft 173, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Migration Policy; Migrant Skill Structure; Integration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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