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HDR 2009 - Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development

Author

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  • UNDP

    () (Human Development Report Office (HDRO) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP))

Abstract

Migration, both within and beyond borders, has become an increasingly prominent theme in domestic and international debates, and is the topic of the 2009 Human Development Report (HDR09). The starting point is that the global distribution of capabilities is extraordinarily unequal, and that this is a major driver for movement of people. Migration can expand their choices —in terms of incomes, accessing services and participation, for example— but the opportunities open to people vary from those who are best endowed to those with limited skills and assets. These underlying inequalities, which can be compounded by policy distortions, is a theme of the report. The report investigates migration in the context of demographic changes and trends in both growth and inequality. It also presents more detailed and nuanced individual, family and village experiences, and explores less visible movements typically pursued by disadvantaged groups such as short term and seasonal migration. There is a range of evidence about the positive impacts of migration on human development, through such avenues as increased household incomes and improved access to education and health services. There is further evidence that migration can empower traditionally disadvantaged groups, in particular women. At the same time, risks to human development are also present where migration is a reaction to threats and denial of choice, and where regular opportunities for movement are constrained.

Suggested Citation

  • Undp, 2009. "HDR 2009 - Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development," Human Development Report (1990 to present), Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), number hdr2009, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:hdr:report:hdr2009
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    File URL: http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2009/
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Blancard, Stéphane & Hoarau, Jean-François, 2013. "A new sustainable human development indicator for small island developing states: A reappraisal from data envelopment analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 623-635.
    2. Kevin D. Deane & Deborah Johnston & Justin O. Parkhurst, 2013. "Migration as a Tool in Development Policy: Caution Ahead?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(6), pages 759-771, June.
    3. Bove, Vincenzo & Elia, Leandro, 2017. "Migration, Diversity, and Economic Growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 227-239.
    4. Weijermars, Ruud, 2011. "Can we close Earth's sustainability gap?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4667-4672.
    5. Peter Huber & Klaus Nowotny & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2010. "Qualification Structure, Over- and Under-qualification of the Foreign Born in Austria and the EU," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 41226.
    6. repec:mje:mjejnl:v:12:y:2016:i:3:p:127-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Philip L. Martin, 2016. "Migration, Trade and Remittances: Low- and High-Skilled Workers," Remittances Review, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 1(1), pages 39-52, October.
    8. Jenna Nobles, 2013. "Migration and Father Absence: Shifting Family Structure in Mexico," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(4), pages 1303-1314, August.
    9. Paweł Kaczmarczyk, 2013. "Are immigrants a burden for the state budget? Review paper," RSCAS Working Papers 2013/79, European University Institute.
    10. Smith, Shirley M. & Shepherd, Derek D. & Dorward, Peter T., 2012. "Perspectives on community representation within the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: Experiences from south-east Madagascar," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 241-250.
    11. World Bank, 2011. "Community-based Maternal and Child Nutrition and Health Interventions in Nigeria : A Comparative Case Study Analysis on Best Practices," World Bank Other Operational Studies 12603, The World Bank.
    12. van der Linden, Josje, 2015. "Non-formal education and new partnerships in a (post-)conflict situation," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 54-62.
    13. Satoshi KOJIMA, "undated". "Quantitative Assessment of Biofuel Promotion Policy in India: A Dynamic CGE Approach," EcoMod2010 259600093, EcoMod.
    14. Isabelle Chort & Philippe De Vreyer & Thomas Zuber, 2017. "Gendered internal migration patterns in Senegal," Working Papers DT/2017/02, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    15. Rong, Fang, 2010. "Understanding developing country stances on post-2012 climate change negotiations: Comparative analysis of Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4582-4591, August.
    16. Iskra Beleva, 2016. "The impact of emigration on the socio-economic development of Bulgaria," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 3-22,23-41.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    human development; migration; mobility; displacement; IDPs; internally displaced people; international migration; internal migration; borders; diaspora; demography; flows; movement; access to education; income; globalisation; citizenship; human rights;

    JEL classification:

    • A0 - General Economics and Teaching - - General
    • B4 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology
    • C0 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • D0 - Microeconomics - - General
    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General
    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General
    • L0 - Industrial Organization - - General
    • L3 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O2 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
    • Y1 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Data: Tables and Charts
    • Y8 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Related Disciplines
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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