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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Australia

Listed author(s):
  • Thomas Liebig

The labour market integration of immigrants in Australia is shaped by the country’s long tradition as an immigration country and its selection policy. Over the post-war period, the main origin countries of immigration to Australia have shifted from English-speaking countries to other OECD countries, and, since the mid-1970s, to non-OECD countries. Parallel to this shift, immigration policy to Australia became increasingly skills focused, which has partly countered the less favourable employment outcomes of migrants from these countries. This increasing selection has resulted in a situation in which the skills structure of the immigrant population, particularly of those from non-OECD countries, is well above that of the native-born... En Australie, l’intégration des immigrés sur le marché du travail est marquée par la longue tradition du pays en tant que terre d’immigration et par sa politique de sélection. Au lendemain de la guerre, les principaux pays d’origine des immigrants ont changé : les pays anglophones ont cédé la place à d’autres pays de l’OCDE et, depuis le milieu des années 70, à des pays n’appartenant pas à l’Organisation. Parallèlement à cette évolution, la politique australienne d’immigration a privilégié de façon croissante les compétences, ce qui a en partie compensé les médiocres résultats sur le plan de l’emploi qu’enregistraient les immigrés dans leur pays d’origine. Du fait de la rigueur accrue du processus de sélection, l’Australie se trouve maintenant dans une situation où la structure des compétences de la population immigrée, en particulier des individus originaires de pays n’appartenant pas à l’OCDE, est bien supérieure à celle des autochtones...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 49.

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Date of creation: 22 Feb 2007
Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:49-en
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