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Dutch Disease, Factor Mobility, and the Alberta Effect: The case of federations

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  • Ohad Raveh

Abstract

Do reduced costs of factor mobility mitigate Dutch Disease effects, to the extent that they are reversed? The case of federations provides an indication they do. We observe Resource Blessing effects at the federal-state level (within federations) yet rather Resource Curse ones at the federal level (between federations), and argue the difference in outcomes stems from the difference in factor mobility costs. Through a two-region tax competition model we show that with sufficiently low factor mobility costs a resourceboom triggers an Alberta Effect –where resource abundant regions exploit the fiscal advantage, provided by resource rents, to compete more aggressively in the inter-regional competition over capital, and as a result attract vast amounts of capital– that mitigates, and possibly reverses, Dutch Disease symptoms, so that Resource Curse effects do not apply. Thus, this paper emphasizes the significance of the mitigating role of factor mobility in Dutch Disease theory, and presents a novel mechanism (Alberta Effect) through which this mitigation, and possible reversion, process occurs. The paper concludes with empirical evidence for the main implications of the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Ohad Raveh, 2012. "Dutch Disease, Factor Mobility, and the Alberta Effect: The case of federations," OxCarre Working Papers 100, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:100
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    Cited by:

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    2. Libman, Alexander, 2013. "Resource Curse, Institutions and Non-Resource Sector," MPRA Paper 53563, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Fidel Perez-Sebastian & Ohad Raveh, 2016. "The Natural Resource Curse and Fiscal Decentralization," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 98(1), pages 212-230.
    4. Jean-Denis Garon & Charles Séguin, 2021. "Environmental Tax Reform in a Federation with Rent-Induced Migration," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 78(3), pages 487-519, March.
    5. Gerelmaa, Lkhagva & Kotani, Koji, 2016. "Further investigation of natural resources and economic growth: Do natural resources depress economic growth?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 312-321.
    6. Wessel N. Vermeulen, 2013. "Resource Income and the Effect on Domestic Neighbours: A case study on Canadian Provinces," DEM Discussion Paper Series 13-05, Department of Economics at the University of Luxembourg.
    7. Perez-Sebastian, Fidel & Raveh, Ohad, 2016. "Natural resources, decentralization, and risk sharing: Can resource booms unify nations?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 38-55.
    8. Perez-Sebastian, Fidel & Raveh, Ohad & Reingewertz, Yaniv, 2019. "Heterogeneous vertical tax externalities and macroeconomic effects of federal tax changes: The role of fiscal advantage," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 85-110.
    9. Edwyna Harris & Sumner La Croix, 2019. "Prices, Wages, and Welfare in Early Colonial South Australia, 1836-1850," Monash Economics Working Papers 07-19, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    10. Jaimes, Richard & Gerlagh, Reyer, 2020. "Resource-richness and economic growth in contemporary U.S," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(C).
    11. Fidel Perez‐Sebastian & Ohad Raveh, 2019. "Federal tax policies, congressional voting and natural resources," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 52(3), pages 1112-1164, August.
    12. Shao, Shuai & Zhang, Yan & Tian, Zhihua & Li, Ding & Yang, Lili, 2020. "The regional Dutch disease effect within China: A spatial econometric investigation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    13. Grant Mark Nülle & Graham A. Davis, 2018. "Neither Dutch nor disease?—natural resource booms in theory and empirics," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 31(1), pages 35-59, May.
    14. Edwyna Harris & Sumner La Croix, 2020. "Australia’s Forgotten Copper Mining Boom: Understanding How South Australia Avoided Dutch Disease, 1843-1850," Working Papers 202012, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    15. Carpantier, J.-F. & Vermeulen, W.N., 2018. "Emergence of sovereign wealth funds," Journal of Commodity Markets, Elsevier, vol. 11(C), pages 1-21.
    16. Elissaios Papyrakis & Ohad Raveh, 2014. "An Empirical Analysis of a Regional Dutch Disease: The Case of Canada," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(2), pages 179-198, June.
    17. Reingewertz, Yaniv, 2014. "Fiscal Decentralization - a Survey of the Empirical Literature," MPRA Paper 59889, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Perez-Sebastian, Fidel & Raveh, Ohad, 2018. "What drives vertical fiscal interactions? Evidence from the 1980 Crude Oil Windfall Act," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 251-268.
    19. Raveh, Ohad & Tsur, Yacov, 2020. "Resource windfalls and public debt: A political economy perspective," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 123(C).
    20. Ohad Raveh & Yacov Tsur, 2018. "Resource Windfalls and Public Debt: The Role of Political Myopia," OxCarre Working Papers 205, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    21. Robin Boadway & Motohiro Sato & Jean-François Tremblay, 2018. "Natural Resource Extraction in a Federation," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 74(1), pages 34-51, March.
    22. Fidel Perez-Sebastian & Ohad Raveh, 2016. "Federal Tax Policies, Congressional Voting, and the Fiscal Advantage of Natural Resources," OxCarre Working Papers 182, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    23. Chang, Kuei-Feng & Lin, Jin-Xu & Lin, Shih-Mo, 2021. "Revisiting the Dutch disease thesis from the perspective of value-added trade," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Natural Resources; Factor Mobility; Dutch Disease; Resource Curse; Tax Competition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • Q33 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Resource Booms (Dutch Disease)

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