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Addressing the Natural Resource Curse: An Illustration from Nigeria

  • Xavier Sala-i-Martin
  • Arvind Subramanian

Some natural resources--oil and minerals in particular--exert a negative and non-linear impact on growth via their deleterious impact on institutional quality. We show this result to be very robust. The Nigerian experience provides telling confirmation of this aspect of natural resources. Waste and poor institutional quality stemming from oil appear to have been responsible for its poor long-run economic performance. We propose a solution for addressing this resource curse which involves directly distributing the oil revenues to the public. Even with all the difficulties that will, no doubt, plague its actual implementation, our proposal will, at the least, be vastly superior to the status quo. At best, however, it could fundamentally improve the quality of public institutions and, as a result, durably raise long-run growth performance. Copyright 2013 , Oxford University Press.

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Article provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) in its journal Journal of African Economies.

Volume (Year): 22 (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 570-615

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Handle: RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:22:y:2013:i:4:p:570-615
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