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Employment Discrimination against Indigenous Peoples in the United States: Evidence from a Field Experiment

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  • Patrick Button
  • Brigham Walker

Abstract

We conducted a resume correspondence experiment to measure discrimination in hiring faced by Indigenous Peoples in the United States (Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians). We sent employers realistic 13,516 resumes for common jobs (retail sales, kitchen staff, server, janitor, and security) in 11 cities and compared callback rates. We signaled Indigenous status in one of four different ways. We almost never find any differences in callback rates, regardless of the context. These findings hold after numerous robustness checks, although our checks and discussions raise multiple concerns that are relevant to audit studies generally.

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  • Patrick Button & Brigham Walker, 2019. "Employment Discrimination against Indigenous Peoples in the United States: Evidence from a Field Experiment," NBER Working Papers 25849, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25849
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    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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