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Fiscal Policy and Occupational Employment Dynamics


  • Bredemeier, Christian

    () (University of Cologne)

  • Juessen, Falko

    () (University of Wuppertal)

  • Winkler, Roland

    () (TU Dortmund)


We document substantial heterogeneity in occupational employment dynamics in response to government spending shocks. Employment rises most strongly in service, sales, and office ("pink-collar") occupations. By contrast, employment in blue-collar occupations is hardly affected by fiscal stimulus which is striking in light of its strong exposure to the cycle and its long-run decline due to technical change and globalization. We provide evidence that occupation-specific changes in labor demand are key to understand these findings and develop a business-cycle model that explains the heterogeneous occupational employment dynamics as a consequence of differences in the short-run substitutability between labor and capital services across occupations.

Suggested Citation

  • Bredemeier, Christian & Juessen, Falko & Winkler, Roland, 2017. "Fiscal Policy and Occupational Employment Dynamics," IZA Discussion Papers 10466, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10466

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    Cited by:

    1. Bredemeier, Christian & Juessen, Falko & Winkler, Roland, 2017. "Man-cessions, fiscal policy, and the gender composition of employment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 73-76.

    More about this item


    fiscal policy; composition of employment; occupations; industries; heterogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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