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Heterogeneous Consumers and Fiscal Policy Shocks

Author

Listed:
  • Emily Anderson
  • Atsushi Inoue
  • Barbara Rossi

    (ICREA, Duke, UPF, CREI)

Abstract

This paper studies stylized empirical facts regarding the effects of unexpected changes in aggregate macroeconomic policies on consumers that are allowed to differ depending on their individual characteristics. In particular, we focus on fiscal shocks due to their important effects on consumers' welfare. We use data from the Consumption Expenditure Survey (CEX) to estimate impulse responses as well as multipliers for government spending and tax policy shocks. The main empirical finding of this paper is that unexpected fiscal shocks have substantially different effects on consumers depending on their age, income levels, and education. In particular, the wealthiest individuals tend to behave according to the predictions of standard RBC models, whereas the poorest individuals tend to behave according to standard IS-LM (non-Ricardian) models, due to credit constraints. Furthermore, government spending policy shocks tend to decrease consumption inequality, whereas tax policy shocks most negatively affect the lives of the poor, more so than the rich, thus increasing consumption inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Emily Anderson & Atsushi Inoue & Barbara Rossi, 2012. "Heterogeneous Consumers and Fiscal Policy Shocks," 2012 Meeting Papers 261, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed012:261
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mauro Napoletano & Andrea Roventini & Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2015. "Time varying fiscal multipliers in an agent-based model with credit rationing," Sciences Po publications 2015-25, Sciences Po.
    2. Agovino, Massimiliano & Ferrara, Maria, 2015. "Disabilità e povertà: il ruolo delle pensioni di invalidità civile. Un'analisi DSGE per i dati italiani
      [Disability and poverty: the role of civilian disability pensions. A DSGE analysis for Italia
      ," MPRA Paper 65616, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Holter, Hans A. & Brinca, Pedro & Ferreira, Miguel H & Franco, Francesco & Malafry, Laurence, 2017. "Fiscal Consolidation Programs and Income Inequality," Memorandum 11/2017, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
    4. Pedro Brinca & Miguel H. Ferreira & Francesco Franco & Hans A. Holter & Laurence Malafry, 2017. "Fiscal Consolidation Programs and Income Inequality," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp617, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
    5. Giorgio Motta & Patrizio Tirelli, 2013. "Limited Asset Market Participation, Income Inequality and Macroeconomic Volatility," Working Papers 261, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2013.
    6. Christian Jaag & Urs Trinkner & Jeffrey Yusof, 2014. "Assessment of EU Postal Sector Policy during the Second Barroso Administration (2010-2014)," Working Papers 0050, Swiss Economics.
    7. Fazzari Steven M. & Morley James & Panovska Irina, 2015. "State-dependent effects of fiscal policy," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, pages 285-315.
    8. Maria Ferrara & Patrizio Tirelli, 2014. "Fiscal Consolidations: Can We Reap the Gain and Escape the Pain?," Working Papers 283, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2014.
    9. Ferrara, Maria & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2017. "Equitable fiscal consolidations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 207-223.
    10. Brinca, Pedro & Holter, Hans A. & Krusell, Per & Malafry, Laurence, 2016. "Fiscal multipliers in the 21st century," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, pages 53-69.
    11. repec:spr:qualqt:v:51:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11135-016-0347-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Massimiliano Agovino & Maria Ferrara, 2017. "Can civilian disability pensions overcome the poverty issue? A DSGE analysis for Italian data," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, pages 1469-1491.
    13. carroll, daniel, 2014. "Why Do Economists Still Disagree over Government Spending Multipliers?," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue May.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior

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