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Are Fiscal Multipliers Regime-Dependent? A Meta Regression Analysis

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  • Sebastian Gechert
  • Ansgar Rannenberg

Abstract

Die Studie untersucht, ob fiskalische Multiplikatoreffekte im Abschwung systematisch größer sind als im Aufschwung. Dazu wird eine Meta-Regressions-Analyse durchgeführt, die einen neuartigen Datensatz von 98 empirischen Studien mit über 1800 Beobachtungen von Multiplikatoreffekten auswertet und für die Regime-Abhängigkeit von Multiplikatoren kontrolliert. Es zeigt sich, dass ausgabeseitige Multiplikatoren im Abschwung um 0,6 bis 0,8 Punkte höher liegen. Darüber hinaus übersteigen ausgabeseitige Maßnahmen in ihrer Multiplikatorwirkung signifikant jene von Steueränderungen um etwa 0,3 während konjunktureller Normalphasen - und noch deutlicher im Abschwung. Auf einer breiten Basis empirischer Evidenz schlussfolgern wir, dass zur Begrenzung der negativen Folgen auf die Konjunktur Konsolidierungsmaßnahmen besser im Aufschwung und verstärkt über die Einnahmeseite erfolgen sollten.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastian Gechert & Ansgar Rannenberg, 2014. "Are Fiscal Multipliers Regime-Dependent? A Meta Regression Analysis," IMK Working Paper 139-2014, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:imk:wpaper:139-2014
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    Keywords

    fiscal multiplier; regime dependance; meta regression analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General

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