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Fiscal policies and credit regimes: a tvar approach

Author

Listed:
  • Tommaso Ferraresi

    () (Istituto regionale di programmazione economica della Toscana, university of Pisa)

  • Andrea Roventini

    () (University of Verona,Sant Anna school
    ofce sciences-po)

  • Giorgio Fagiolo

    () (Sant'Anna School)

Abstract

In the present work we investigate how the state of credit markets non-linearly affects the impact of fiscal policies. We estimate a Threshold Vector Autoregression (TVAR) model on U.S quarterly data for the period 1984-2010. We employ the spread between BAA-rated corporate bond yield and 10-year treasury constant maturity rate as a proxy for credit conditions. We find that the response of output to fiscal policy shocks are stronger and more persistent when the economy is in the "tight" credit regime. The fiscal multipliers are abundantly and persistently higher than one when firms face increasing financing costs, whereas they are feebler and often lower than one in the "normal" credit regime. On the normative side, our results suggest policy makers to carefully plan fiscal policy measures according to the state of credit markets

Suggested Citation

  • Tommaso Ferraresi & Andrea Roventini & Giorgio Fagiolo, 2013. "Fiscal policies and credit regimes: a tvar approach," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2013-02, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1302
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    Cited by:

    1. Sebastian Gechert & Rafael Mentges, 2013. "What Drives Fiscal Multipliers? The Role of Private Wealth and Debt," IMK Working Paper 124-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    2. Andrea Teglio & Andrea Mazzocchetti & Linda Ponta & Marco Raberto & Silvano Cincotti, 2015. "Budgetary rigour with stimulus in lean times: Policy advices from an agent-based model," Working Papers 2015/07, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    3. Franta, Michal, 2017. "Rare shocks vs. non-linearities: What drives extreme events in the economy? Some empirical evidence," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 136-157.
    4. Mattia Guerini & Alessio Moneta & Mauro Napoletano & Andrea Roventini, 2017. "The Janus-Faced Nature of Debt: Results from a Data-Driven Cointegrated SVAR Approach," LEM Papers Series 2017/04, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    5. Gian Paulo Soave, 2015. "Choques fiscais e instabilidade financeira no Brasil: uma abordagem TVAR," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2015_02, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    6. repec:eee:eecrev:v:100:y:2017:i:c:p:293-317 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:spr:annopr:v:260:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10479-017-2659-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Michal Franta, 2016. "The Effect of Nonlinearity between Credit Conditions and Economic Activity on Density Forecasts," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(2), pages 147-166, March.
    9. Sebastian Gechert & Ansgar Rannenberg, 2014. "Are Fiscal Multipliers Regime-Dependent? A Meta Regression Analysis," IMK Working Paper 139-2014, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    10. Dosi, Giovanni & Fagiolo, Giorgio & Napoletano, Mauro & Roventini, Andrea & Treibich, Tania, 2015. "Fiscal and monetary policies in complex evolving economies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 166-189.
    11. Mauro Napoletano & Andrea Roventini & Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2015. "Time varying fiscal multipliers in an agent-based model with credit rationing," Sciences Po publications 2015-25, Sciences Po.
    12. Mattia Guerini & Alessio Moneta & Mauro Napoletano & Andrea Roventini, 2017. "The Janus-Faced Nature of Debt: Results from a Data-Driven Cointegrated SVAR Approach," LEM Papers Series 2017/04, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    13. Mauro Napoletano & Andrea Roventini & Jean Luc Gaffard, 2015. "Toward a low carbon growth in Mexico : is a double dividend possible ? A dynamic general equilibrium assessment," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2015-25, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    14. Borsi, Mihály Tamás, 2018. "Fiscal multipliers across the credit cycle," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 135-151.
    15. Giovanni Dosi & Giorgio Fagiolo & Mauro Napoletano & Tania Treibich, 2014. "The Short-and Long-Run Damages of Fiscal Austerity: Keynes beyond Schumpeter," Sciences Po publications 22, Sciences Po.
    16. Mirdala, Rajmund & Kameník, Martin, 2017. "Effects of Fiscal Policy Shocks in CE3 Countries (TVAR Approach)," MPRA Paper 79918, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Shijaku, Gerti, 2014. "Fiscal policy, output and financial stress in the case of developing and emerging European economies: a threshold VAR approach," MPRA Paper 79139, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:372-387 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Gustav A. Horn & Sebastian Gechert & Katja Rietzler & Kai D. Schmid, 2014. "Streitfall Fiskalpolitik," IMK Report 92-2014, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal policy; threshold vector autoregression (TVAR); non-linear models; impulse-response functions; fiscal multipliers; credit frictions; financial accelerator;

    JEL classification:

    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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