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Is There a Fiscal Free Lunch in a Liquidity Trap?

  • Jesper Linde

    (Federal Reserve Board)

  • Christopher J. Erceg

    (Federal Reserve Board)

In this paper, we use a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model to examine the effects of an expansion in government spending in a liquidity trap. If the liquidity trap is very prolonged, the spending multiplier can be much larger than in normal circumstances, and the budgetary costs minimal. However, given this fiscal free lunch, it is unclear why policymakers would want to limit the size of fiscal expansion. Our paper addresses this question in a model environment in which the duration of the liquidity trap is determined endogenously, and depends on the size of the fiscal stimulus. We show that even if the multiplier is high for small increases in government spending, it may decrease substantially at higher spending levels; thus, it is crucial to distinguish between the marginal and average responses of output and government debt.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2010 Meeting Papers with number 380.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:380
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Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

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