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How do financial frictions affect the spending multiplier during a liquidity trap?

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  • J. A. CARRILLO
  • C. POILLY

Abstract

We show that credit market imperfections substantially increase the government-spending multiplier when the economy enters a liquidity trap. This ?finding is explained by the tight association between capital goods and ?rms?collateral, a relationship that we highlight as the capital-accumulation channel. During a liquidity trap, a government spending expansion reduces the real interest rate, leading to a period of cheap credit. Entrepreneurs use this time to accumulate capital, which persistently improves their balance sheets and reduces their future costs of credit. A public spending expansion can thus encourage private investment, yielding consequently a large spending multiplier. This effect is further reinforced by Fisher?s debt- de?ation channel.

Suggested Citation

  • J. A. Carrillo & C. Poilly, 2012. "How do financial frictions affect the spending multiplier during a liquidity trap?," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 12/779, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:rug:rugwps:12/779
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial Frictions; Zero Lower Bound; Fiscal Policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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