IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Zones d'Education Prioritaire : Quels moyens pour quels résultats ?


  • Roland Benabou


  • Francis Kramarz


  • Corinne Prost



The ZEP (zones d'éducation prioritaire), which started in 1982, are one French example ofpositive discrimination in the education system. This program aims to improve the students'achievement in the most disadvantaged schools. It gives more financial resources to schoolsin disadvantaged zones and it encourages them to develop specific teaching projects. In thispaper, we estimate the changes in the school characteristics for the ZEP schools. We assesshow much (and which) financial resources were given to the ZEP schools. In 1990, more than10% of students in preschools and in schools from 1rst to 9th grade are in a ZEP zone, and aZEP student receives 5% more resources than a non-ZEP student. This cost is mainlycomposed of bonuses for teachers, and additional teaching hours for the school. Yet theadditional hours increase was very slow since the mean class size decreased by only 0.2student a year, compared to the changes in non-ZEP schools. Then this paper estimates theimpact of the ZEP program on individual achievement, measured here by : success at adiploma ; entry in the 4rth grade ; entry in the 2nd grade ; success at the baccalauréat. We useseveral models to estimate this impact. In order to take account of the endogeneity of the ZEPstatus, we use two methods : difference in difference and instrumental variables. A non-linearmodel is also estimated. The results are the same in all estimations : the impact on studentsuccess of the ZEP program is not significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Roland Benabou & Francis Kramarz & Corinne Prost, 2003. "Zones d'Education Prioritaire : Quels moyens pour quels résultats ?," Working Papers 2003-38, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
  • Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2003-38

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Crest working paper version
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Galindo-Rueda, Fernando & Vignoles, Anna, 2004. "The Heterogeneous Effect of Selection in Secondary Schools: Understanding the Changing Role of Ability," IZA Discussion Papers 1245, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Gary-Bobo, Robert J. & Mahjoub, Mohamed Badrane, 2006. "Estimation of Class-Size Effects, Using 'Maimonides' Rule': The Case of French Junior High Schools," CEPR Discussion Papers 5754, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2003-38. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sri Srikandan). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.