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The Effects of Class Size on Student Achievement: New Evidence from Population Variation

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  • Caroline M. Hoxby

Abstract

I identify the effects of class size on student achievement using longitudinal variation in the population associated with each grade in 649 elementary schools. I use variation in class size driven by idiosyncratic variation in the population. I also use discrete jumps in class size that occur when a small change in enrollment triggers a maximum or minimum class size rule. The estimates indicate that class size does not have a statistically significant effect on student achievement. I rule out even modest effects (2 to 4 percent of a standard deviation in scores for a 10 percent reduction in class size).

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  • Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "The Effects of Class Size on Student Achievement: New Evidence from Population Variation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(4), pages 1239-1285.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:qjecon:v:115:y:2000:i:4:p:1239-1285.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1162/003355300555060
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