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The Effects of a Temporary Migration Shock: Evidence from the Arab Spring Migration through Italy

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  • Labanca, Claudio

Abstract

This study estimates the short-term effects of migration on the employment and wages of native workers in Italy using the exogenous and temporary migration resulting from the Arab Spring. While migration does not affect native wages or overall employment, we find significant and offsetting short-term employment effects across industries. The positive employment effects are consistent with a rise in sectoral employment operating through increased demand due to immigrants. In negatively affected sectors, we estimate quarterly displacement effects of 4 natives for every 100 additional immigrants residing in a region. Both the positive and negative effects on employment tend to dissipate over time.
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  • Labanca, Claudio, 2016. "The Effects of a Temporary Migration Shock: Evidence from the Arab Spring Migration through Italy," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt1fz17847, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucsdec:qt1fz17847
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    1. Lastrapes, William D. & Lebesmuehlbacher, Thomas, 2020. "Asylum seekers and house prices: Evidence from the United Kingdom," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C).
    2. Stefano Fusaro & Enrique López-Bazo, 2018. "“The Impact of Immigration on Native Employment: Evidence from Italy”," AQR Working Papers 201811, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised Jul 2018.

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    Keywords

    Social and Behavioral Sciences;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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