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Cousins from overseas: the labour market impact of half a million Portuguese repatriates

Author

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  • Lara Bohnet
  • Susana Peralta
  • Joao Pereira dos Santos

Abstract

This paper uses detailed census data to investigate the labour market consequences of a large, exogenous, labour market shock, exploiting the unexpected inflow of repatriates to Portugal following the end of the Portuguese Colonial War in 1974. The labour supply shock entails a composition dimension, as the repatriates were more than twice as likely to have secondary or higher education. We take advantage of the fact that most of the repatriates were Portuguese born to build novel shift-share instrumental variables based on their region of birth. We explore the impact on regional labour force participation, unemployment, employment, and entrepreneurship, for both male and female natives. We find substantial gender differences in the effects, with females absorbing the bulk of the shock. Native workers are driven out of employment as employees, with a sizeable 15% decrease for males and 55% for females. Men compensate for this loss by moving to low quality self-employment, while women move to inactivity. Our results are robust to changing the instrumental variable, the geographical unit of analysis, and to various sample restrictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Lara Bohnet & Susana Peralta & Joao Pereira dos Santos, 2021. "Cousins from overseas: the labour market impact of half a million Portuguese repatriates," NOVAFRICA Working Paper Series wp2114, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Nova School of Business and Economics, NOVAFRICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:unl:novafr:wp2114
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    2. García-Suaza, Andrés & Gallego, Juan Miguel & Mayorga, Juan D. & Mondragón-Mayo, Angie & Sepúlveda, Carlos & Sarango Iturralde, Alexander, 2022. "COVID-19 and assimilation: an analysis of immigration from Venezuelan in Colombia," Working papers 99, Red Investigadores de Economía.
    3. Luciano Amaral & Bruno Lopes Marques & João Pereira dos Santos, 2022. "Measuring the carnation revolution: a synthetic control analysis of economic crisis in Portugal (1974-1992)," Nova SBE Working Paper Series wp641, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Nova School of Business and Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Immigration; labour market; labour supply; entrepreneurship; instrumental variable;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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