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The European business cycle

  • Mike Artis
  • Hans-Martin Krolzig
  • Juan Toro

This paper deals with the existence and identification of a common European growth cycle. Univariate Markov switching autoregressions are used for individual countries in order to detect changes in the mean growth rate of industrial production. A Markov switching vector autoregression model is then used to identify a common cycle in Europe. Three important results are obtained: we find a common unobserved component governing European business cycle dynamics, suggesting the existence of a common business cycle; we propose a dating of the business cycle, both for an index of industrial protection and GDP, and both chronologies appear to be consistent; and finally we retrieve an important set of stylized facts and relate these with those reported for the US. Finally two further issues are investigated: first, the contribution of the European business cycle to the individual country cycles; and second, we undertake an impulse response analysis to investigate the response of each individual country to European expansions and recessions. Copyright 2004, Oxford University Press.

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Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 56 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 1-44

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Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:56:y:2004:i:1:p:1-44
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