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Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations and Adjustment: Some Empirical Evidence


  • Bayoumi, Tamim
  • Prasad, Eswar


This paper compares sources of disturbances to output and labour market adjustment in the US currency union compared to a set of EU countries. Comparable datasets comprising 1-digit sectoral data for 8 US regions and 8 European countries are constructed and used to study the relative importance of industry-specific, region-specific, and aggregate shocks to output growth. Both areas are subject to similar overall disturbances although a disaggregated perspective reveals some differences. The major difference, however, is in labour market adjustment. Inter-regional labour mobility appears to be a much more important adjustment mechanism in the United States, which has a more integrated labour market than the EU.

Suggested Citation

  • Bayoumi, Tamim & Prasad, Eswar, 1995. "Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations and Adjustment: Some Empirical Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 1172, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1172

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ricci, Luca Antonio, 2008. "A Model of an Optimum Currency Area," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 2, pages 1-31.
    2. Pierre-Alain Muet, 1995. "Union monétaire et fédéralisme," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 55(1), pages 151-170.
    3. R. Paci & Riccardo Rovelli, "undated". "Do Trade and Technology reduce asymmetries? Evidence from manufacturing industries in the EU," Working Papers 109, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    4. Karen-Helene Midelfart & Henry G. Overman & Anthony J. Venables, 2003. "Monetary Union and the Economic Geography of Europe," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(5), pages 847-868, December.
    5. Jääskelä, Jarkko, 1997. "Incomplete insurance market and its policy implication within European Monetary Union," Research Discussion Papers 8/1997, Bank of Finland.
    6. Weimann, Marco, 2002. "OCA theory and EMU eastern enlargement: An empirical application," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 07/02, Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
    7. Engwerda, Jacob C. & van Aarle, Bas & Plasmans, Joseph E. J., 2002. "Cooperative and non-cooperative fiscal stabilization policies in the EMU," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 451-481, March.
    8. János Gács, 2003. "Transition, EU Accession and Structural Convergence," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 271-303, September.
    9. Franz Pauer, 1996. "Will Asymmetric Shocks Pose a Serious Problem in EMU?," Working Papers 23, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    10. Ansgar Belke & Daniel Gros, 2001. "Real Impacts of Intra-European Exchange Rate Variability: A Case for EMU?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 231-264, July.
    11. Vinals, Jose, 1996. "European monetary integration: A narrow or a wide EMU?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 1103-1109, April.
    12. Martin Hallet, 1998. "The regional impact of the single currency," ERSA conference papers ersa98p27, European Regional Science Association.
    13. Raul Ramos & Miquel Clar & Jordi Suri?ach, 1998. "Specialization in Europe and asymmetric shocks: Potential risks of EMU," ERSA conference papers ersa98p86, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Paul De Grauwe & Hans Dewachter & Yunus Aksoy, 1999. "Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in Euroland," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 26(4), pages 299-318, December.
    15. De Grauwe, Paul & Piskorski, Tomasz, 2001. "Union-wide Aggregates versus National Data Based Monetary Policies: Does it Matter for the Eurosystem?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3036, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    16. Hallet, Martin, 1999. "The Impact of EMU on cohesion - further research needed?," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa087, European Regional Science Association.
    17. Julius Horvath, 2004. "Optimum currency area theory: A selective review," Macroeconomics 0401014, EconWPA.
    18. Markus Knell, 2004. "The Role of Revaluation and Adjustment Factors in Pay-As-You-Go Pension Systems," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 55-71.
    19. Dumitru, Ionut, 2009. "Adoptarea euro in Romania
      [Euro adoption in Romania]
      ," MPRA Paper 18612, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Currency Unions; Economic Fluctuations; Labour Market Adjustment;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers


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