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Food and Earth Systems: Priorities for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation for Agriculture and Food Systems

Author

Listed:
  • Ana Maria Loboguerrero

    () (CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia
    International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia)

  • Bruce M. Campbell

    () (CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia
    International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia)

  • Peter J. M. Cooper

    () (CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia)

  • James W. Hansen

    () (CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia
    International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), at Columbia University, 61 Route 9W, Monell Building, Palisades, NY 10964-1000, USA)

  • Todd Rosenstock

    () (CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia
    World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, P.O. Box 30677, Nairobi 00100, Kenya)

  • Eva Wollenberg

    () (CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Km. 17, Recta Cali-Palmira, Palmira 763537, Colombia
    Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA)

Abstract

Human activities and their relation with land, through agriculture and forestry, are significantly impacting Earth system functioning. Specifically, agriculture has increasingly become a key sector for adaptation and mitigation initiatives that address climate change and help ensure food security for a growing global population. Climate change and agricultural outcomes influence our ability to reach targets for at least seven of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. By 2015, 103 nations had committed themselves to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, while 102 countries had prioritized agriculture in their adaptation agenda. Adaptation and mitigation actions within agriculture still receive insufficient support across scales, from local to international level. This paper reviews a series of climate change adaptation and mitigation options that can support increased production, production efficiency and greater food security for 9 billion people by 2050. Climate-smart agriculture can help foster synergies between productivity, adaptation, and mitigation, although trade-offs may be equally apparent. This study highlights the importance of identifying and exploiting those synergies in the context of Nationally Determined Contributions. Finally, the paper points out that keeping global warming to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels by 2100 requires going beyond the agriculture sector and exploring possibilities with respect to reduced emissions from deforestation, food loss, and waste, as well as from rethinking human diets.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Maria Loboguerrero & Bruce M. Campbell & Peter J. M. Cooper & James W. Hansen & Todd Rosenstock & Eva Wollenberg, 2019. "Food and Earth Systems: Priorities for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation for Agriculture and Food Systems," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(5), pages 1-26, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:5:p:1372-:d:211247
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Anne T. Kuriakose & Rasmus Heltberg & William Wiseman & Cecilia Costella & Rachel Cipryk & Sabine Cornelius, 2013. "Climate-Responsive Social Protection," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 31, pages 19-34, November.
    2. Michael R. CARTER & Alain de JANVRY & Elisabeth SADOULET & Alexandros SARRIS, 2014. "Index-based weather insurance for developing countries: A review of evidence and a set of propositions for up-scaling," Working Papers P111, FERDI.
    3. Dercon, Stefan & Christiaensen, Luc, 2011. "Consumption risk, technology adoption and poverty traps: Evidence from Ethiopia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 159-173, November.
    4. Dercon, Stefan & Christiaensen, Luc, 2011. "Consumption risk, technology adoption and poverty traps: Evidence from Ethiopia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 159-173, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    food systems; adaptation; mitigation; greenhouse gas emissions; climate change; climate-smart agriculture; small farms; family farms;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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