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Predictive Density Estimators for Daily Volatility Based on the Use of Realized Measures

Author

Listed:
  • Valentina Corradi

    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • Norman Swanson

    (Rutgers University)

  • Walter Distaso

    (Imperial College)

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to propose a feasible, model free estimator of the predictive density of integrated volatility. In this sense, we extend recent papers by Andersen, Bollerslev, Diebold and Labys (2003), and by Andersen, Bollerslev and Meddahi (2004, 2005), who address the issue of pointwise prediction of volatility via ARMA models, based on the use of realized volatility. Our approach is to use a realized volatility measure to construct a non parametric (kernel) estimator of the predictive density of daily volatility. We show that, by choosing an appropriate realized measure, one can achieve consistent estimation, even in the presence of jumps and microstructure noise in prices. More precisely, we establish that four well known realized measures, i.e. realized volatility, bipower variation, and two measures robust to microstructure noise, satisfy the conditions required for the uniform consistency of our estimator. Furthermore, we outline an alternative simulation based approach to predictive density construction. Finally, we carry out a simulation experiment in order to assess the accuracy of our estimators, and provide an empirical illustration that underscores the importance of using microstructure robust measures when using high frequency data.

Suggested Citation

  • Valentina Corradi & Norman Swanson & Walter Distaso, 2006. "Predictive Density Estimators for Daily Volatility Based on the Use of Realized Measures," Departmental Working Papers 200620, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:rut:rutres:200620
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Valentina Corradi & Norman Swanson & Walter Distaso, 2006. "Predictive Inference for Integrated Volatility," Departmental Working Papers 200616, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    2. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2006. "Econometrics of Testing for Jumps in Financial Economics Using Bipower Variation," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 1-30.
    3. Donald W.K. Andrews, 1989. "Asymptotics for Semiparametric Econometric Models: I. Estimation," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 908R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Aug 1990.
    4. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Nour Meddahi, 2005. "Correcting the Errors: Volatility Forecast Evaluation Using High-Frequency Data and Realized Volatilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(1), pages 279-296, January.
    5. Zhang, Lan & Mykland, Per A. & Ait-Sahalia, Yacine, 2005. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility With Noisy High-Frequency Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 1394-1411, December.
    6. Andrews, Donald W.K., 1995. "Nonparametric Kernel Estimation for Semiparametric Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(3), pages 560-586, June.
    7. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Peter Reinhard Hansen & Asger Lunde & Neil Shephard, 2008. "Designing Realized Kernels to Measure the ex post Variation of Equity Prices in the Presence of Noise," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(6), pages 1481-1536, November.
    8. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Meddahi, Nour, 2011. "Realized volatility forecasting and market microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 220-234, January.
    9. Nour Meddahi, 2003. "ARMA representation of integrated and realized variances," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 6(2), pages 335-356, December.
    10. Yacine Aït-Sahalia, 2005. "How Often to Sample a Continuous-Time Process in the Presence of Market Microstructure Noise," The Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 18(2), pages 351-416.
    11. Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole E. & Hansen, Peter Reinhard & Lunde, Asger & Shephard, Neil, 2011. "Subsampling realised kernels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 204-219, January.
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    14. Valentina Corradi & Walter Distaso, 2006. "Semi-Parametric Comparison of Stochastic Volatility Models using Realized Measures," The Review of Economic Studies, Review of Economic Studies Ltd, vol. 73(3), pages 635-667.
    15. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Lange, Steve, 1999. "Forecasting financial market volatility: Sample frequency vis-a-vis forecast horizon," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 6(5), pages 457-477, December.
    16. Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler & Graversen, Svend Erik & Jacod, Jean & Podolskij, Mark, 2004. "A central limit theorem for realised power and bipower variations of continuous semimartingales," Technical Reports 2004,51, Technische Universität Dortmund, Sonderforschungsbereich 475: Komplexitätsreduktion in multivariaten Datenstrukturen.
    17. Bandi, Federico M. & Russell, Jeffrey R., 2006. "Separating microstructure noise from volatility," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(3), pages 655-692, March.
    18. Bjørn Eraker, 2004. "Do Stock Prices and Volatility Jump? Reconciling Evidence from Spot and Option Prices," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(3), pages 1367-1404, June.
    19. Meddahi, Nour & Mykland, Per & Shephard, Neil, 2011. "Realized Volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 1-1, January.
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    21. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2002. "Estimating quadratic variation using realized variance," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 457-477.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ghosh, Anisha & Linton, Oliver, 2023. "Estimation with mixed data frequencies: A bias-correction approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).
    2. Valentina Corradi & Norman Swanson & Walter Distaso, 2006. "Predictive Inference for Integrated Volatility," Departmental Working Papers 200616, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
    3. Li, Dan & Clements, Adam & Drovandi, Christopher, 2021. "Efficient Bayesian estimation for GARCH-type models via Sequential Monte Carlo," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 22-46.
    4. Trucíos, Carlos & Ruiz Ortega, Esther & Hotta, Luiz, 2015. "Robust bootstrap forecast densities for GARCH models: returns, volatilities and value-at-risk," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws1523, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    5. Fengler, M.R. & Mammen, E. & Vogt, M., 2015. "Specification and structural break tests for additive models with applications to realized variance data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 188(1), pages 196-218.
    6. Andersen, Torben G. & Bollerslev, Tim & Meddahi, Nour, 2011. "Realized volatility forecasting and market microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 220-234, January.
    7. Ghosh, Anisha & Linton, Oliver, 2007. "Consistent estimation of the risk-return tradeoff in the presence of measurement error," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 24506, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    8. Li, Jia & Patton, Andrew J., 2018. "Asymptotic inference about predictive accuracy using high frequency data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 203(2), pages 223-240.
    9. Jim Griffin & Jia Liu & John M. Maheu, 2021. "Bayesian Nonparametric Estimation of Ex Post Variance [Out of Sample Forecasts of Quadratic Variation]," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(5), pages 823-859.
    10. Diks, Cees & Panchenko, Valentyn & van Dijk, Dick, 2011. "Likelihood-based scoring rules for comparing density forecasts in tails," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 163(2), pages 215-230, August.
    11. Duong, Diep & Swanson, Norman R., 2015. "Empirical evidence on the importance of aggregation, asymmetry, and jumps for volatility prediction," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(2), pages 606-621.
    12. Corradi, Valentina & Distaso, Walter & Fernandes, Marcelo, 2013. "Conditional alphas and realized betas," Textos para discussão 341, FGV EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Fundação Getulio Vargas (Brazil).
    13. Shiyi Chen & Wolfgang K. Härdle & Kiho Jeong, 2010. "Forecasting volatility with support vector machine-based GARCH model," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(4), pages 406-433.
    14. repec:hal:journl:peer-00834423 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Malec, Peter & Schienle, Melanie, 2014. "Nonparametric kernel density estimation near the boundary," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 57-76.
    16. Linlan Xiao & Vigdis Boasson & Sergey Shishlenin & Victoria Makushina, 2018. "Volatility forecasting: combinations of realized volatility measures and forecasting models," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(13), pages 1428-1441, March.
    17. Cheng, Mingmian & Swanson, Norman R. & Yang, Xiye, 2021. "Forecasting volatility using double shrinkage methods," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 46-61.
    18. Diep Duong & Norman R. Swanson, 2011. "Volatility in Discrete and Continuous Time Models: A Survey with New Evidence on Large and Small Jumps," Departmental Working Papers 201117, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diffusions; integrated volatility; kernels; microstructure noise; realized volatility measures;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods

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