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Export diversification and economic development: a dynamic spatial data analysis

Author

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  • Roberto Basile

    () (Second University of Naples)

  • Aleksandra Parteka

    () (Gdansk University of Technology)

  • Rosanna Pittiglio

    () (Second University of Naples)

Abstract

This paper contributes to the empirical literature on the relationship between ‘export variety’ (export diversification) and economic development by relaxing the assumption of cross-country independence and allowing for spatial diffusion of shocks in observed and unobserved factors. Export variety is measured for a balanced panel of 114 countries (1992-2012) using very detailed information on their exports (HS 6-digit product level). The estimation results of a dynamic spatial panel data model confirm the relevance of spatial network effects: indirect effects (spatial spillovers) strongly reinforce direct effects, while spatial proximity to large countries accelerates the diversification process. These results are robust to the choice of the weights matrix (an inverse-distance matrix, an exponential distance matrix and a matrix based on bilateral trade flows are used).

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Basile & Aleksandra Parteka & Rosanna Pittiglio, 2016. "Export diversification and economic development: a dynamic spatial data analysis," Working Papers LuissLab 16127, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  • Handle: RePEc:lui:lleewp:16127
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicola Daniele Coniglio & Davide Vurchio & Nicola Cantore & Michele Clara, 2018. "On the evolution of comparative advantage: path-dependent versus path-defying changes," SERIES 01-2018, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", revised Mar 2018.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    export diversification; economic development; panel spatial data models;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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