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Export diversification and economic development: a dynamic spatial data analysis

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  • Roberto Basile

    (Second University of Naples)

  • Aleksandra Parteka

    (Gdansk University of Technology)

  • Rosanna Pittiglio

    (Second University of Naples)

Abstract

This paper contributes to the empirical literature on the relationship between ‘export variety’ (export diversification) and economic development by relaxing the assumption of cross-country independence and allowing for spatial diffusion of shocks in observed and unobserved factors. Export variety is measured for a balanced panel of 114 countries (1992-2012) using very detailed information on their exports (HS 6-digit product level). The estimation results of a dynamic spatial panel data model confirm the relevance of spatial network effects: indirect effects (spatial spillovers) strongly reinforce direct effects, while spatial proximity to large countries accelerates the diversification process. These results are robust to the choice of the weights matrix (an inverse-distance matrix, an exponential distance matrix and a matrix based on bilateral trade flows are used).

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Basile & Aleksandra Parteka & Rosanna Pittiglio, 2016. "Export diversification and economic development: a dynamic spatial data analysis," Working Papers LuissLab 16127, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  • Handle: RePEc:lui:lleewp:16127
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    Cited by:

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    2. Aurel Burciu & Rozalia Kicsi & Ionel Bostan & Iulian Condratov & Cristian Valentin Hapenciuc, 2020. "Sustainable Economic Growth Based on R&D Amplification and Technological Content of Exports. Evidences from Romania and The V4 Economies," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(5), pages 1-17, February.
    3. Wenni Lei & Yuwei Luo, 2022. "Institutions Rule in Export Diversity," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(18), pages 1-14, September.
    4. Lee, Dongyeol & Zhang, Huan, 2022. "Export diversification in low-income countries and small states: Do country size and income level matter?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 250-265.
    5. Coniglio, Nicola D. & Vurchio, Davide & Cantore, Nicola & Clara, Michele, 2021. "On the evolution of comparative advantage: Path-dependent versus path-defying changes," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    6. Andrzej Cieœlik & Aleksandra Parteka, 2018. "Export Variety, Productivity, And Country Size In A Multi-Good Ricardian Model Of Export Diversification," GUT FME Working Paper Series A 52, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
    7. Zarach, Zuzanna Helena & Parteka, Aleksandra, 2023. "Export diversification and dependence on natural resources," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    8. Sonia Liaqat & Muhammad Irfan Chani, 2018. "The Impact of Exports Diversification on Economic Growth: Evidence from Pakistan," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(4), pages 156-168, December.
    9. Parteka, Aleksandra, 2020. "What drives cross-country differences in export variety? A bilateral panel approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 48-56.
    10. Khalid Abdullah Alkhathlan & Tarek Tawfik Yousef Alkhateeb & Tarek Tawfik Yousef Alkhateeb & Haider Mahmood & Wardah Abdulrahman Bindabel, 2020. "Concentration of oil sector or diversification in Saudi economy: consequences on growth sustainability," Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, VsI Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, vol. 7(4), pages 3369-3384, June.
    11. Cieślik, Andrzej & Parteka, Aleksandra, 2021. "Relative Productivity, Country Size and Export Diversification," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 28-44.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    export diversification; economic development; panel spatial data models;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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