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Export diversification: How much does the choice of the trading partner matter?

  • Regolo, Julie
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    This paper studies how a country's export diversification varies across destination markets. It develops an extension of the Romalis (2004) model which yields two testable predictions. According to the first, exports between similarly endowed countries (“South–South” and “North–North”) are more diversified than exports between differently endowed countries (“South–North” and “North–South”). The second implication is that, for given countries' production patterns, low bilateral trade costs lead to greater export diversification. These predictions find empirical support in a panel of 102 trade partners and 4998 HS-6 industries over the period 1995–2007. Results show that similarities between trading partners in physical capital, land and human capital endowments per worker are associated with more diversified bilateral exports. Exports are also more diversified when bilateral trade costs are relatively low.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022199613000731
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Economics.

    Volume (Year): 91 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 329-342

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:91:y:2013:i:2:p:329-342
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2013.07.004
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505552

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