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Patterns of export diversification in developing countries: intensive and extensive margins

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Abstract

This paper uses highly disaggregated trade data to investigate geographic and product diversification patterns across a group of developing nations for the period from 1990 to 2005. The econometric investigation shows that the gravity equation fits the observed differences in diversification across nations. We find that exports at the intensive margin account for the most important share of overall trade growth. At the extensive margin, geographic diversification is more important than product diversification, especially for developing countries. Taking part in FTAs, thereby reducing trade costs, and trading with countries in the North are also found to have positive impacts on export diversification for developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Amurgo-Pacheco, Martha Denisse Pierola, 2007. "Patterns of export diversification in developing countries: intensive and extensive margins," IHEID Working Papers 20-2007, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies, revised Jul 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:gii:giihei:heiwp20-2007
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    19. repec:rus:hseeco:121626 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    export diversification; intensive margin; extensive margin;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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