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Market power, EU integration and privatization: The case of Romania

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  • Asaftei, Gabriel
  • Parmeter, Christopher F.

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects on pricing behavior of firms in a transition economy resulting from integration into the European Union's Common Market and changes in ownership. We use a semiparametric model with a rich panel of manufacturing firms in Romania from 1995 to 2003 to estimate firm-level markups. We find that markups are higher in more concentrated industries and less exposed to foreign competition. Trade integration appears to generally increase competitive pressure on markups. Industries exposed to more international competition experience a larger change in markups following integration into the European Union's Common Market. However, as the initial impact of tariff reduction fades away, higher markups become an important element in firms' pricing strategies. We also find that foreign firms and private domestic firms charge significantly higher markups on average than state-owned enterprizes.

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  • Asaftei, Gabriel & Parmeter, Christopher F., 2010. "Market power, EU integration and privatization: The case of Romania," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 340-356, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:38:y:2010:i:3:p:340-356
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    2. Claudia Bobalca & Camelia Soponaru & Oana Ciobanu (Tugulea), 2013. "European Integration - A Comparative Perspective Between Romania And The Republic Of Moldova," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 5(3), pages 330-343, September.
    3. Cristian-Florin Dananau, 2015. "Non-governmental credit in Romania: a VECM-based approach," Romanian Statistical Review, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 63(1), pages 87-106, March.
    4. repec:jes:wpaper:y:2013:v:5:p:330-343 is not listed on IDEAS

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