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Trade and Growth with Heterogeneous Firms

Listed author(s):
  • Baldwin, Richard
  • Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric

This paper explores the impact of trade on growth when firms are heterogeneous. Our findings can be viewed as relevant to the trade and growth literature on one hand and the heterogeneous-firms trade theory on the other. Our main finding – that freer trade is both anti-growth and welfare worsening from a purely dynamic perspective – contrasts with most findings in the endogenous growth literature. We also show that market-entry costs are anti-growth, but heterogeneity per se is pro-growth. As concerns the heterogeneous-firms literature our main finding is a static-vs.-dynamic trade-off in terms of productivity gains. Freer trade raises measured productivity in a level sense but slows measured productivity growth.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4965.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4965
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  22. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel, 2001. "Technology, trade, and growth: A unified framework," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 742-755, May.
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  27. Dixit, Avinash K, 1989. "Entry and Exit Decisions under Uncertainty," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 620-638, June.
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  29. Yeaple, Stephen Ross, 2005. "A simple model of firm heterogeneity, international trade, and wages," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 1-20, January.
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