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Export Diversification and Economic Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Heiko Hesse

Abstract

Export diversification can lead to higher growth. Developing countries should diversify their exports since this can, for example, help them to overcome export instability or the negative impact of terms of trade in primary products. The process of economic development is typically a process of structural transformation where countries move from producing "poor-country goods" to "rich-country goods." Export diversification does play an important role in this process. The author also provides robust empirical evidence of a positive effect of export diversification on per capita income growth. This effect is potentially nonlinear with developing countries benefiting from diversifying their exports in contrast to the most advanced countries that perform better with export specialization.

Suggested Citation

  • Heiko Hesse, 2008. "Export Diversification and Economic Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 28040.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:28040
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Jinsoo Lee & Bok-Keun Yu, 2018. "The Effects of Export Diversification on Macroeconomic Stabilization : Evidence from Korea," Working Papers 2018-25, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
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    5. Lectard, Pauline & Rougier, Eric, 2018. "Can Developing Countries Gain from Defying Comparative Advantage? Distance to Comparative Advantage, Export Diversification and Sophistication, and the Dynamics of Specialization," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 90-110.
    6. Omgba, Luc Désiré, 2014. "Institutional foundations of export diversification patterns in oil-producing countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 1052-1064.
    7. Aurel Burciu & Rozalia Kicsi & Ionel Bostan & Iulian Condratov & Cristian Valentin Hapenciuc, 2020. "Sustainable Economic Growth Based on R&D Amplification and Technological Content of Exports. Evidences from Romania and The V4 Economies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(5), pages 1-17, February.
    8. Peñaranda Molina, Diego Andrés, 2021. "Determinantes de la diversificación de exportaciones en Sudamérica: un análisis con datos de panel," Documentos de trabajo 3/2021, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
    9. Akhmetov, Almaz, 2017. "Testing the Presence of the Dutch Disease in Kazakhstan," MPRA Paper 77936, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Lili Wang & Yong Zhao, 2013. "Does Experience Facilitate Entry into New Export Destinations?," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 21(5), pages 36-59, September.
    11. Diego Bastourre & Luis Casanova & Alejo Espora, 2011. "Tipo de Cambio Real y Crecimiento: Síntesis de la Evidencia y Agenda de Investigación," Department of Economics, Working Papers 082, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    12. COULIBALY, Gninlgonakan Romaric & AKIA, Sosthène Alban, 2017. "Export structure and economic growth in a developping country: case of Côte d'Ivoire," MPRA Paper 91374, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    14. Coulibaly, Romaric & Akia, Sosthène Alban, 2019. "Export structure and economic growth in a developing country: case of Cote d’Ivoire," MPRA Paper 94116, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. César Salinas Depaz & Wilder Pérez Condor & Ricardo Najarro Chuchón, 2019. "Determinantes de la Diversificación Exportadora: Enfoque Bayesiano," Revista de Análisis Económico y Financiero, Universidad de San Martín de Porres, vol. 2(01), pages 23-35.
    16. World Bank, . "Zambia - What Would it Take for Zambia’s Beef and Dairy Industries to Achieve Their Potential?," World Bank Other Operational Studies, The World Bank, number 2771.
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    18. Otchia, Christian S., 2015. "Mining-based growth and productive transformation in the Democratic Republic of Congo: What can an African lion learn from an Asian tiger?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 227-238.
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    20. Lee, Jinsoo & Yu, Bok-Keun, 2019. "The Effects of Export Diversification on Macroeconomic Stabilization: Evidence from Korea," KDI Journal of Economic Policy, Korea Development Institute (KDI), vol. 41(1), pages 1-14.

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