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Do Standards Improve the Quality of Traded Products?

Author

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  • Anne-Célia Disdier

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris Sciences et Lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

  • Carl Gaigné

    (SMART-LERECO - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - INSTITUT AGRO Agrocampus Ouest - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement)

  • Cristina Herghelegiu

    (ULB - Université libre de Bruxelles)

Abstract

We examine whether standards raise the quality of traded products by correcting mar-ket failures associated with information asymmetry on product attributes. Our predictionson their quality and selection effects are based on a new trade model under uncertaintyabout product quality in which heterogeneous firms can strategically invest in quality sig-naling. Using French firm-level data, we exploit information on prices and productivity toestimate the quality of exported products. Higher quality is assigned to products suppliedby an exporter with higher marginal costs conditional on productivity. In accordance withour theory, quality standards enforced on products by destination countries (i) reduce theexport probability of low-quality firms but also that of high-quality low-productivity firms;(ii) increase the export participation and sales of high-productivity high-quality firms; (iii)improve the average quality of consumption goods exported by France.

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  • Anne-Célia Disdier & Carl Gaigné & Cristina Herghelegiu, 2020. "Do Standards Improve the Quality of Traded Products?," Working Papers hal-02953680, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-02953680
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    Cited by:

    1. Anne‐Célia Disdier & Carl Gaigné & Cristina Herghelegiu, 2023. "Do standards improve the quality of traded products?," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 56(4), pages 1238-1290, November.
    2. Duc Anh Dang & Vuong Anh Dang, 2021. "The Effects of SPSs and TBTs on Innovation: Evidence from Exporting Firms in Viet Nam," Working Papers DP-2021-16, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    3. Nabeshima, Kaoru & Obashi, Ayako & Kim, Kunhyui, 2021. "Impacts of additional compliance requirements of regulations on the margins of trade," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    4. DOAN Thi Thanh Ha & ZHANG Hongyong, 2022. "Technical Barriers to Trade, Product Quality and Trade Margins: Firm-level evidence," Discussion papers 22056, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. Traoré, Ousmane Z & Tamini, Lota D., 2020. "The Net Effect of the Technical Non-Tariff Measures in OECD countries on African Exports of Plant Products," 2020 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, Kansas City, Missouri 304460, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    6. Kan Yue, 2022. "Non‐tariff measures, product quality and import demand," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 60(2), pages 870-900, April.
    7. Ghodsi, Mahdi, 2023. "Exploring the ‘non-tariff measures black box’: Whose regulatory NTMs on which products improve the imported quality?," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 45-67.
    8. Macedoni, Luca & Weinberger, Ariel, 2022. "Quality heterogeneity and misallocation: The welfare benefits of raising your standards," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).
    9. Payam Elhami & Mahdi Ghodsi & Robert Stehrer, 2021. "Quality of Goods Imports: Which Role for Non-tariff Measures?," wiiw Policy Notes 46, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    10. Djolaud, Guy, 2022. "Import Penetration of Low Quality Products : Markups Implications," MPRA Paper 114611, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Luca Macedoni & Ariel Weinberger, 2021. "Quality Misallocation, Trade, and Regulations," CESifo Working Paper Series 9041, CESifo.
    12. Beguin, Malo, 2021. "Harmonization, Mutual Recognition or National Treatment: a Melitz approach," LIDAM Discussion Papers LFIN 2021010, Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain Finance (LFIN).
    13. Mahdi Ghodsi, 2023. "Regulatory Convergence within Technical Barriers to Trade," wiiw Working Papers 229, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

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    5. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen J. Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2012. "The Empirics of Firm Heterogeneity and International Trade," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 4(1), pages 283-313, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Firm exports; quality standards; information asymmetry; product quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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