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Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures

Author

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  • John Beghin
  • Anne-Célia Disdier
  • Stéphan Marette

Abstract

We extend the trade restrictiveness index approach to the case of market imperfections and domestic regulations addressing them. We focus on standard-like non-tariff measures (NTMs) affecting cost of production and potentially enhancing demand by reducing negative externalities. We apply the framework to the database of Kee et al. (2009) and derive ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) for NTMs. About 39% of the product lines affected by NTMs exhibit negative AVEs, indicating a trade-facilitating effect of these measures. Accounting for the trade-facilitating effect of NTMs significantly reduces previous measures of countries' trade policy restrictiveness obtained while constraining these NTMs to be trade reducing.

Suggested Citation

  • John Beghin & Anne-Célia Disdier & Stéphan Marette, 2014. "Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures," CESifo Working Paper Series 4968, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4968
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bo Xiong & John Beghin, 2017. "Disentangling Demand-Enhancing And Trade-Cost Effects Of Maximum Residue Regulations," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 6, pages 105-108 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Beverelli, Cosimo & Boffa, Mauro & Keck, Alexander, 2014. "Trade policy substitution: Theory and evidence from Specific Trade Concerns," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2014-18, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    3. John C. Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau & Alexandre Gohin, 2017. "The Impact of an EU–US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement on Biofuel and Feedstock Markets," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(2), pages 321-344, June.
    4. Julien Gooris & Cristina Mitaritonna, 2015. "Which import restrictions matter for trade in services ?," Working Papers 2015-33, CEPII research center.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    non-tariff measures; externalities; ad valorem equivalents; trade restrictiveness indices;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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