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Food Security and Agricultural Protection in South Korea

Author

Listed:
  • Beghin, John C.
  • Bureau, Jean-Christophe
  • Park, Sung Joon

Abstract

South Korea has been pursuing food self-sufficiency using high tariffs and high administrative prices in key agricultural and food markets. Using a dual approach to trade and trade restrictiveness indices, we analyze the impact of these market distortions on welfare and trade volume. Then, we compute second-best distortions, which minimize the welfare cost of meeting observed levels of self-sufficiency and production. We rationalize these second-best distortions to what could be claimed as legitimate protection under a "food security" (FS) box in World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. FS-box protection is sensitive to changes in the definition and the extent of the FS objectives. We show that FS via production targets and reliance on imports would be more palatable to consumers and trade partners, while preserving income transfer to the farm sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Beghin, John C. & Bureau, Jean-Christophe & Park, Sung Joon, 2003. "Food Security and Agricultural Protection in South Korea," Staff General Research Papers Archive 2006, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:2006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. John Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau & Sophie Drogue, 2004. "Calibration of incomplete demand systems in quantitative analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(8), pages 839-847.
    2. John C. Beghin & Bo Xiong, 2016. "Economic Effects of Standard-Like Nontariff Measures: Analytical and Methodological Dimensions," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 16-wp569, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    3. John Christopher Beghin & Anne-Célia Disdier & Stéphan Marette, 2017. "Trade restrictiveness indices in the presence of externalities: An application to non-tariff measures," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: John Christopher Beghin (ed.), Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 5, pages 81-104, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Jean‐Christophe Bureau & Luca Salvatici, 2005. "Agricultural trade restrictiveness in the European Union and the United States," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 33(s3), pages 479-490, November.
    5. repec:hal:gmonwp:hal-00961727 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Muhammad Bashir & Steven Schilizzi, 2015. "Food security policy assessment in the Punjab, Pakistan: effectiveness, distortions and their perceptions," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 7(5), pages 1071-1089, October.
    7. John Christopher Beghin & Anne-Célia Disdier & Stéphan Marette, 2017. "Trade restrictiveness indices in the presence of externalities: An application to non-tariff measures," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: John Christopher Beghin (ed.), Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 5, pages 81-104, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    8. Colyer, Dale, 2004. "Environmental Regulations And Competitiveness," Working Papers 19100, West Virginia University, Department of Agricultural Resource Economics.
    9. Bahl, Ojasvita & Ghate, Chetan & Mallick, Debdulal, 2020. "Redistributive Policy Shocks and Monetary Policy with Heterogeneous Agents," MPRA Paper 101651, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Teignier, Marc, 2018. "The role of trade in structural transformation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 45-65.
    11. John C. Beghin & David Roland-Holst & Dominique van der Mensbrugghe, 2002. "Global Agricultural Trade and the Doha Round: What are the Implications for North and South?," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications (archive only) 02-wp308, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    12. ., 2010. "Korea's Trade Policy in Transition," Chapters, in: The Korean Economy in Transition, chapter 5, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Haneul Kim & Minghao Huang & Furong Jin & David Bodoff & Junghoon Moon & Young Chan Choe, 2012. "Triple helix in the agricultural sector of Northeast Asian countries: a comparative study between Korea and China," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 90(1), pages 101-120, January.
    14. John Christopher Beghin & Anne-Célia Disdier & Stéphan Marette, 2017. "Trade restrictiveness indices in the presence of externalities: An application to non-tariff measures," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: John Christopher Beghin (ed.), Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 5, pages 81-104, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    15. Ka Yi Fung, 2017. "How Economic Dependency Was Created Through the WTO: A Case Study of South Korea," Journal of Developing Societies, , vol. 33(4), pages 469-487, December.
    16. Jiarong Qian & Shoichi Ito & Zhijun Zhao, 2020. "The effect of price support policies on food security and farmers’ income in China," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 64(4), pages 1328-1349, October.
    17. Xiang, Tao & Malik, Tariq H. & Nielsen, Klaus, 2020. "The impact of population pressure on global fertiliser use intensity, 1970–2011: An analysis of policy-induced mediation," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).
    18. John Christopher Beghin & Anne-Célia Disdier & Stéphan Marette, 2017. "Trade restrictiveness indices in the presence of externalities: An application to non-tariff measures," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: John Christopher Beghin (ed.), Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 5, pages 81-104, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    19. John C. Beghin & Bo Xiong, 2016. "Economic Effects of Standard-Like Nontariff Measures: Analytical and Methodological Dimensions," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 16-wp569, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    20. Baffes, John & De Gorter, Harry, 2005. "Disciplining agricultural support through decoupling," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3533, The World Bank.
    21. Colyer, Dale, 2004. "Environmental Regulations and Agricultural Competitiveness," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 5(1), pages 1-17.
    22. Rakotoarisoa, Manitra A., 2006. "Policy distortions in the segmented rice market:," MTID discussion papers 94, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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