IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/spr/ssefpa/v7y2015i5p1071-1089.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Food security policy assessment in the Punjab, Pakistan: effectiveness, distortions and their perceptions

Author

Listed:
  • Muhammad Bashir
  • Steven Schilizzi

Abstract

This study aims to assess the impact of short-term policies on smallholder farmers’ household food security. It answers three key questions: What is the impact of selected policies on farmers’ household food security? What would have been the impact of these policies if implemented perfectly? Are the perceived impacts of food security policies in line with their estimated impacts? For this purpose, a conceptual model is proposed using a partial equilibrium model approach. The model identifies policy impact pathways. Two demand side policies (food subsidy and minimum wage rate) and two supply side policies (wheat support price and urea subsidy) are assessed. Results show that one of each improves farmers’ household food security. Furthermore, these policies are poorly implemented and consequently their potential benefits are much reduced. The comparison of farmers’ perceptions and their estimated monetary gains shows notable divergence. This study suggests that more research is warranted into the potential of food security policies, as much of their effectiveness is lost due to poor implementation. It also suggests that, for the Punjab, policies emphasising wheat support prices better address food insecurity than urea subsidies. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and International Society for Plant Pathology 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Bashir & Steven Schilizzi, 2015. "Food security policy assessment in the Punjab, Pakistan: effectiveness, distortions and their perceptions," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 7(5), pages 1071-1089, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:7:y:2015:i:5:p:1071-1089
    DOI: 10.1007/s12571-015-0489-y
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12571-015-0489-y
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1007/s12571-015-0489-y?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maxwell, Daniel G., 1995. "Alternative food security strategy: A household analysis of urban agriculture in Kampala," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(10), pages 1669-1681, October.
    2. van den Berg, Gerard J., 2007. "An Economic Analysis of Exclusion Restrictions for Instrumental Variable Estimation," IZA Discussion Papers 2585, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Sidhu, R.S. & Kaur, Inderpreet & Vatta, Kamal, 2008. "Food and Nutritional Insecurity and its Determinants in Food Surplus Areas: The Case Study of Punjab State," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 21(1).
    4. Ahmed, Akhter U. & Gutner, Tamar & Lofgren, Hans & Bouis, Howarth E., 2001. "The Egyptian food subsidy system: structure, performance, and options for reform," Research reports 119, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Strauss, John, 1982. "Determinants of food consumption in rural Sierra Leone : Application of the quadratic expenditure system to the consumption-leisure component of a household-firm model," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 327-353, December.
    6. John C. Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau & Sung Joon Park, 2003. "Food Security and Agricultural Protection in South Korea," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(3), pages 618-632.
    7. Roger Klein & Francis Vella, 2009. "A semiparametric model for binary response and continuous outcomes under index heteroscedasticity," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(5), pages 735-762.
    8. Maxwell, Daniel G., 1996. "Measuring food insecurity: the frequency and severity of "coping strategies"," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 291-303, July.
    9. Paul Dorosh & Abdul Salam, 2008. "Wheat Markets and Price Stabilisation in Pakistan: An Analysis of Policy Options," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 47(1), pages 71-87.
    10. Hertel, Thomas W., 1985. "Partial vs. general equilibrium analysis and choice of functional form: Implications for policy modeling," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 281-303.
    11. Joseph J. Molnar, 1999. "Sound Policies for Food Security: The Role of Culture and Social Organization," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 21(2), pages 489-498.
    12. Ejaz Ghani, 1998. "The Wheat Pricing Policies in Pakistan: Some Alternative Options," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(2), pages 149-166.
    13. Rajagapol, Deepak & Sexton, Steven & Hochman, Gal & Roland-Holst, David & Zilberman, David D, 2009. "Model estimates food-versus-biofuel trade-off," Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley, Working Paper Series qt41k1w82x, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, UC Berkeley.
    14. Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis & Gautam Hazarika, 2006. "Women's Status and Children's Food Security in Pakistan," WIDER Working Paper Series DP2006-03, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    15. G. Chellaraj & B. Wade Brorsen & Paul L. Farris, 1992. "Effects of subsidized wheat consumption by state in India," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 7(1), pages 1-12, June.
    16. Marijke Verpoorten, 2001. "Imperfect Markets: a Case Study in Senegal," Working Papers of Department of Economics, Leuven ces0120, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Economics, Leuven.
    17. McCalla, Alex F. & Revoredo, Cesar L., 2001. "Prospects for global food security," 2020 vision briefs 71, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    18. Shiferaw T. Feleke & Richard L. Kilmer & Christina H. Gladwin, 2005. "Determinants of food security in Southern Ethiopia at the household level," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 33(3), pages 351-363, November.
    19. Rao, J. Mohan, 1989. "Agricultural supply response: A survey," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 3(1), pages 1-22, March.
    20. Haddad, Lawrence & Kennedy, Eileen & Sullivan, Joan, 1994. "Choice of indicators for food security and nutrition monitoring," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 329-343, June.
    21. Bashir, Muhammad Khalid & Schilizzi, Steven & Pandit, Ram, 2012. "The Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in the Punjab, Pakistan: An Econometric Analysis," Working Papers 122526, University of Western Australia, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    22. Asraul Hoque, 1993. "Allocative Efficiency and Input Subsidy in Asian Agriculture," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 32(1), pages 87-99.
    23. Ryan, Jim, 2002. "Assessing the impact of food policy research: rice trade policies in Viet Nam," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 1-29, February.
    24. Andrew P. Barkley, 1992. "Wheat Price Policy in Pakistan: A Welfare Economics Approach," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 31(4), pages 1145-1156.
    25. Saleth, R. Maria & Dinar, Ariel, 2009. "The Impact of Multiple Policy Interventions on Food Security," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 923-938, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Azeem, Muhammad Masood & Mugera, Amin W. & Schilizzi, Steven, 2016. "Living on the edge: Household vulnerability to food-insecurity in the Punjab, Pakistan," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 1-13.
    2. Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi & Peyman Babashamsi & Datis Khajeheian & Nader Seyyed Amiri, 2016. "Airline Sustainability Modeling: A New Framework with Application of Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(11), pages 1-17, November.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Bashir, Muhammad Khalid & Schilizzi, Steven & Pandit, Ram, 2012. "Food Security and Its Determinants at the Crossroads in Punjab, Pakistan," Working Papers 126033, University of Western Australia, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    2. Bashir, Muhammad Khalid & Schilizzi, Steven & Pandit, Ram, 2012. "The Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in the Punjab, Pakistan: An Econometric Analysis," Working Papers 122526, University of Western Australia, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    3. Adeeba Ishaq & Mahmood Khalid & Eatzaz Ahmad, 2018. "Food Insecurity in Pakistan: A RegionWise Analysis of Trends," PIDE-Working Papers 2018:157, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    4. Ahmed Raza CHEEMA* & Zafar ABBAS**, 2016. "Determinants of food Insecurity in Pakistan: Evidence from PSLM 2010-11," Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Research Centre, vol. 26(2), pages 183-213.
    5. Bashir, Muhammad Khalid & Schilizzi, Steven, 2012. "Measuring food security: Definitional sensitivity and implications," 2012 Conference (56th), February 7-10, 2012, Fremantle, Australia 124227, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    6. Maxwell, Daniel & Ahiadeke, Clement & Levin, Carol & Armar-Klemesu, Margaret & Zakariah, Sawudatu & Lamptey, Grace Mary, 1999. "Alternative food-security indicators: revisiting the frequency and severity of 'coping strategies'," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 411-429, August.
    7. Bashir, Muhammad Khalid & Schilizzi, Steven & Pandit, Ram, 2012. "The Determinants of Rural Household Food Security for Landless Households of the Punjab, Pakistan," Working Papers 126035, University of Western Australia, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    8. Maxwell, Daniel G., 1996. "Measuring food insecurity: the frequency and severity of "coping strategies"," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 291-303, July.
    9. Bashir, Muhammad Khalid & Schilizzi, Steven & Pandit, Ram, 2012. "Livestock and Rural Household Food Security: The Case of Small Farmers of the Punjab, Pakistan," Working Papers 126034, University of Western Australia, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    10. G.M. Monirul Alam & Khorshed Alam & Shahbaz Mushtaq, 2018. "Drivers of Food Security of Vulnerable Rural Households in Bangladesh," South Asia Economic Journal, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka, vol. 19(1), pages 43-63, March.
    11. Floro, Maria Sagrario & Bali Swain, Ranjula, 2013. "Food Security, Gender, and Occupational Choice among Urban Low-Income Households," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 89-99.
    12. Dzanku, Fred Mawunyo, 2019. "Food security in rural sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring the nexus between gender, geography and off-farm employment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 26-43.
    13. Fahmida Dil Farzana & Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman & Sabiha Sultana & Mohammad Jyoti Raihan & Md Ahshanul Haque & Jillian L Waid & Nuzhat Choudhury & Tahmeed Ahmed, 2017. "Coping strategies related to food insecurity at the household level in Bangladesh," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 12(4), pages 1-17, April.
    14. Tesfaye C. Cholo & Luuk Fleskens & Diana Sietz & Jack Peerlings, 2019. "Land fragmentation, climate change adaptation, and food security in the Gamo Highlands of Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 50(1), pages 39-49, January.
    15. Courtney Gallaher & John Kerr & Mary Njenga & Nancy Karanja & Antoinette WinklerPrins, 2013. "Urban agriculture, social capital, and food security in the Kibera slums of Nairobi, Kenya," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 30(3), pages 389-404, September.
    16. Hayford Mensah Ayerakwa & Fred Mawunyo Dzanku & Daniel Bruce Sarpong, 2020. "The geography of agriculture participation and food security in a small and a medium-sized city in Ghana," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 8(1), pages 1-21, December.
    17. Bhatta, Kiran Prasad & Ishida, Akira & Taniguchi, Kenji & Sharma, Raksha, 2008. "Does Kitchen Garden and Backyard Livestock Farming Help Combat Food Insecurity?," MPRA Paper 40958, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Maxwell, Daniel G. & Wiebe, Keith D., 1998. "Land Tenure And Food Security: A Review Of Concepts, Evidence, And Methods," Research Papers 12752, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Land Tenure Center.
    19. Umar Ijaz Ahmed & Liu Ying & Muhammad Khalid Bashir & Muhammad Abid & Farhad Zulfiqar, 2017. "Status and determinants of small farming households' food security and role of market access in enhancing food security in rural Pakistan," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 12(10), pages 1-15, October.
    20. Abafita, Jemal & Kim, Kyung-Ryang, 2014. "Determinants of Household Food Security in Rural Ethiopia: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 37(2), pages 1-29.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:7:y:2015:i:5:p:1071-1089. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://www.springer.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Sonal Shukla or Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.springer.com .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.