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Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities : An Application to Non-Tariff Measures

  • John Christopher Beghin

    (Iowa State University - Iowa State University)

  • Anne-Célia Disdier

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)

  • Stéphan Marette

    (ECO-PUB - Economie Publique - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UMR0210 - AgroParisTech)

We extend the trade restrictiveness index approach to the case of market imperfections and domestic regulations addressing them. We focus on standard-like non-tariff measures (NTMs) affecting cost of production and potentially enhancing demand by increasing product quality or reducing negative externalities. We apply the framework to the database of Kee et al. (2009) and derive ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) for NTMs. Half of the product lines affected by NTMs exhibit negative AVEs, indicating a net trade-facilitating effect of NTMs. Accounting for these effects significantly reduces previous measures of countries' trade policy restrictiveness obtained while constraining NTMs to be trade reducing.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number hal-00961727.

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Date of creation: Sep 2014
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:hal-00961727
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  1. Beghin, John C. & Roland-Holst, David & Van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 1997. "Trade and Environment Linkages: Piecemeal Reform and Optimal Intervention," Staff General Research Papers 1478, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  2. Colen, Liesbeth & Maertens, Miet, 2011. "Private Standards and Employment Insecurity: GlobalGAP in the Senegalese Horticulture Export Sector," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114286, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Fischer, Ronald & Serra, Pablo, 2000. "Standards and protection," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 377-400, December.
  4. Disdier, Anne-Célia & Marette, Stéphan, 2010. "The Combination of Gravity and Welfare Approaches for Evaluating Non-Tariff Measures," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1004, CEPREMAP.
  5. John C. Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau & Sung Joon Park, 2001. "Food Security and Agricultural Protection in South Korea," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications 01-wp284, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
  6. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 1998. "The Mercantilist Index of Trade Policy," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 416, Boston College Department of Economics.
  7. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2005. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012200, June.
  8. J Anderson & J.P. Neary, 1993. "A New Approach to Evaluating Trade Policy," CEP Discussion Papers dp0173, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  9. Nancy H. Chau & Rolf Färe & Shawna Grosskopf, 2013. "Trade Restrictiveness and Pollution," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 15(1), pages 25-52, 02.
  10. Hoekman , Bernard & Nicita, Alessandro, 2008. "Trade Policy, Trade Costs, and Developing Country Trade," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4797, The World Bank.
  11. J Anderson & J.P. Neary, 1994. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of Trade Policy," CEP Discussion Papers dp0186, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  12. Jouanjean, Marie-Agnès, 2012. "Standards, reputation, and trade: evidence from US horticultural import refusals," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(03), pages 438-461, July.
  13. Peter Lloyd & Donald MacLaren, 2008. "An Estimated Trade Restrictiveness Index of the Level of Protection in Australian Manufacturing," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 41(3), pages 250-259, 09.
  14. Copeland Brian R., 1994. "International Trade and the Environment: Policy Reform in a Polluted Small Open Economy," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 44-65, January.
  15. Anderson, James E & Neary, J Peter, 1992. "Trade Reform with Quotas, Partial Rent Retention, and Tariffs," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(1), pages 57-76, January.
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