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Quantifying the Trade Effects of NTMs: A Review of the Empirical Literature

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  • Ronen, Eyal

Abstract

In recent years, the imposition of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) has increased rapidly both in quantity and importance. This development, with its considerable economic impact, particularly within the area of global trade, has prompted numerous scholars to explore the direction and magnitude of the trade effects of NTMs. Moreover, increased efforts are being placed on further exploring the determinants behind the use of NTMs, as well as their policy implications. The current paper aims to survey the empirical trade literature, in order to uncover the available responses to major questions regarding the trade effects of NTMs, principally of TBT and SPS measures. Among the questions posed are: (1) How do specific types of NTMs affect imports and exports? (2) Are developing countries more sensitive to NTMs? (3) Are small-medium sized firms more adversely affected by NTMs? (4) How are particular sectors/products affected by NTMs? And, (5) Do Harmonization and Mutual Recognition necessarily impact trade positively?

Suggested Citation

  • Ronen, Eyal, 2017. "Quantifying the Trade Effects of NTMs: A Review of the Empirical Literature," MPRA Paper 83730, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:83730
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    Cited by:

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    2. Ghodsi, Mahdi & Stehrer, Robert, 2022. "Non-Tariff Measures and the Quality of Imported Products," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(1), pages 71-92, February.
    3. Ronen, Eyal & Benizri, Yohan, 2018. "Export Competitiveness and Trade Agreements: Analysis and Insights from Israel’s Experience," MPRA Paper 84945, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Mahdi Ghodsi, 2021. "Exploring ‘Non-Tariff Measures Black Box’: Whose Regulative NTMs on Which Products Improve the Imported Quality?," wiiw Working Papers 195, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    5. Mahdi Ghodsi, 2023. "Regulatory Convergence within Technical Barriers to Trade," wiiw Working Papers 229, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    6. Ghodsi, Mahdi, 2023. "Exploring the ‘non-tariff measures black box’: Whose regulatory NTMs on which products improve the imported quality?," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 45-67.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Non-Tariff Measures; Technical Barriers to Trade; Sanitary and Phytosanitary;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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