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Hidden Protectionism? Evidence from Non-tariff Barriers to Trade in the United States

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  • Christoph Moser
  • Robert Grundke

Abstract

Are product standards protectionism in disguise? This paper estimates the costs of non- compliance with U.S. product standards, using a new database on U.S. import refusals from 2002 to 2012. We find that import refusals significantly decrease exports to the United States. This trade reducing effect is driven by developing countries and by refusals without any product sample analysis, in particular during the Subprime Crisis and its aftermath. This empirical result is consistent with (but does not prove) the existence of counter-cyclical, hidden protectionism due to non-tariff barriers to trade in the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Christoph Moser & Robert Grundke, 2014. "Hidden Protectionism? Evidence from Non-tariff Barriers to Trade in the United States," KOF Working papers 14-369, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:kof:wpskof:14-369
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3929/ethz-a-010362127
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ksp:journ1:v:4:y:2017:i:3:p:263-274 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Matthias Beestermöller & Anne-Célia Disdier & Lionel Gérard Fontagné, 2016. "Impact of European Food Safety Border Inspections on Agri-Food Exports: Evidence from Chinese Firms," CESifo Working Paper Series 5840, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Eyal RONEN, 2017. "Quantifying the trade effects of NTMs: A review of the empirical literature," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 263-274, September.
    4. repec:sls:ipmsls:v:32:y:2017:4 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Farrukh Suvankulov, 2015. "Revisiting National Border Effects in Foreign Trade in Goods of Canadian Provinces," Staff Working Papers 15-28, Bank of Canada.
    6. repec:eee:reveco:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:185-202 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ederington,Josh & Ruta,Michele, 2016. "Non-tariff measures and the world trading system," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7661, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hidden protectionism; International trade; Developing countries; Import refusals; Regulatory costs; Disaggregated; United States;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development

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