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Poisoned Grapes, Mad Cows and Protectionism

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  • Eduardo M.R.A. Engel

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Abstract

This paper studies two episodes where a ban on imports was imposed to safeguard people's health. The rst case is the poisoned grapes crisis involving Chile and the United States in 1989. The second is the "mad cows" dispute, which broke out in 1996, between the United Kingdom and the European Union. These case studies motivate a new denition of "protectionist measure" which is applied to argue that the European Union's ban on British beef exports was not protectionist, while the US ban on Chilean fruit possibly classies as such a measure.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, 2000. "Poisoned Grapes, Mad Cows and Protectionism," Documentos de Trabajo 76, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:76
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    File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120030328144614.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Darby, Michael R & Karni, Edi, 1973. "Free Competition and the Optimal Amount of Fraud," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 67-88, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Donald Larson & Will Martin & Sebnem Sahin & Marinos Tsigas, 2016. "Agricultural Policies and Trade Paths in Turkey," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(8), pages 1194-1224, August.
    2. Robert Grundke & Christoph Moser, 2014. "Hidden Protectionism? Evidence from Non-tariff Barriers to Trade in the United States," CESifo Working Paper Series 5142, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Pierpaolo Battigalli & Giovanni Maggi, 2003. "International agreements on product standard: an incomplete contracting theory," NBER Working Papers 9533, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Klimenko, Mikhail M., 2009. "Policies and international trade agreements on technical compatibility for industries with network externalities," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 151-166, April.
    5. Cadot, Olivier & Suwa-Eisenmann, Akiko & Traça, Daniel, 2003. "OGM et relations commerciales transatlantiques," Cahiers d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales (CESR), INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research), vol. 68.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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