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Food Risks and Type I & II Errors


  • Nganje, William E.
  • Skilton, Paul F.


The global food supply network is becoming increasing vulnerable to food safety and food de-fense risks due to failures in prevention and control measures. We develop the idea of control oriented supply chain security management in the context of global food supply networks. We identify a variety of failure points where security systems can produce Type I (false positive) and Type II (false negative) errors that create disruptions, and explain how the use of ex-ante preven-tion measures can lead to opportunities for continuous reductions in costs and food risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Nganje, William E. & Skilton, Paul F., 2011. "Food Risks and Type I & II Errors," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, vol. 14(5), pages 1-16, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ifaamr:119977

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nganje, William E. & Richards, Timothy J. & Bravo, Jesus & Hu, Na & Kagan, Albert & Acharya, Ram N. & Edwards, Mark R., 2009. "Food Safety and Defense Risks in the U.S.-Mexico Produce Chain," Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm, and Resource Issues, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 24(2), pages 1-5.
    2. Lee, Hau L. & Whang, Seungjin, 2005. "Higher supply chain security with lower cost: Lessons from total quality management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(3), pages 289-300, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bitsch, Vera & Koković, Nevena & Rombach, Meike, 2014. "Risk Communication and Market Effects during Foodborne Illnesses: A Comparative Case Study of Bacterial Outbreaks in the U.S. and in Germany," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, vol. 0(Issue 3), pages 1-18, September.


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