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Analysis of Non-Tariff Barriers of Concern to Developing Countries


  • OECD


This paper identifies non-tariff barriers (NTBs) faced by developing countries in their trade with developed countries and in South-South trade. The goal is to raise awareness of barriers that interfere with the ability of developing countries to build up trade. Data collected and analysed consist of the academic literature, notifications by developing countries to the Negotiating Group on Market Access for Non- Agricultural Products (NAMA) of the Doha Development Agenda, business surveys, and records relating to trade disputes brought before the World Trade Organization and regional dispute settlement mechanisms. The chapter identifies the categories and types of measures that are most reported and the products affected by the reported measures. Attention is also drawn to developing countries’ forwardlooking export strategies and related potential barriers. Overall, the chapter highlights similarities and differences in barriers reported in the data reviewed and compares barriers reported for trade with developed countries and for trade among developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Oecd, 2005. "Analysis of Non-Tariff Barriers of Concern to Developing Countries," OECD Trade Policy Papers 16, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:traaab:16-en

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mkuna, Eliaza, 2014. "East Africa Community (EAC) Non Tariff Barriers and their Effects on Tanzanian Small and Medium Agro Enterprises Cross Border Trade," Research Theses 243444, Collaborative Masters Program in Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    2. Biswajit Dhar & Murali Kallummal, 2007. "Taming non-tariff barriers - Can the World Trade organization find a solution?," STUDIES IN TRADE AND INVESTMENT,in: Mia Mikic (ed.), FUTURE TRADE RESEARCH AREAS THAT MATTER TO DEVELOPING COUNTRY POLICYMAKERS, volume 61, chapter 5, pages 131-171 United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    3. Okumu, Luke & Nyankori, James Cyprian Okuk, 2010. "Non-tariff barriers in EAC customs union: implications for trade between Uganda and other EAC countries," Research Series 113621, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
    4. Liu, Lan & Yue, Chengyan, 2013. "Investigating the impacts of time delays on trade," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 108-114.
    5. Israel, Danilo C., 2014. "The Potential Impacts of a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union on the Philippine Fisheries Sector," Discussion Papers DP 2014-03, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    6. Uttam Kumar Deb, 2006. "Rules of Origin and Non-Tariff Barriers in Agricultural Trade: Perspectives from Bangladesh and Cambodia," Working Papers 1206, Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT), an initiative of UNESCAP and IDRC, Canada..

    More about this item


    developing countries; Doha Development Agenda; market access; NAMA notifications; non-tariff barriers; non-tariff measures; regional integration; south-south trade; surveys; trade disputes;

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