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Growing up in Ethnic Enclaves: Language Proficiency and Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children

Author

Listed:
  • Alexander Danzer

    (KU Eichstätt-Ingolstadt)

  • Carsten Feuerbaum

    (KU Eichstätt-Ingolstadt)

  • Marc Piopiunik

    (ifo Institute at the University of Munich and CESifo)

  • Ludger Woessmann

    (University of Munich, ifo Institute, IZA, and CESifo)

Abstract

Does a high regional concentration of immigrants of the same ethnicity affect immigrant children’s acquisition of host-country language skills and educational attainment? We exploit the exogenous placement of guest workers from five ethnicities across German regions during the 1960s and 1970s in a model with region and ethnicity fixed effects. Our results indicate that exposure to a higher own-ethnic concentration impairs immigrant children’s host-country language proficiency and increases school dropout. A key mediating factor for this effect is parents’ lower speaking proficiency in the host-country language, whereas inter-ethnic contacts with natives and economic conditions do not play a role.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Danzer & Carsten Feuerbaum & Marc Piopiunik & Ludger Woessmann, 2018. "Growing up in Ethnic Enclaves: Language Proficiency and Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1809, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  • Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:1809
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    Cited by:

    1. Laliberté, Jean-William, 2019. "Language skill acquisition in immigrant social networks: Evidence from Australia," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 35-45.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigrant children; ethnic concentration; language; education; guest workers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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