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Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment

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  • Stephen Gibbons
  • Olmo Silva
  • Felix Weinhardt

Abstract

Theories about neighbours’ influence on children's education that are based on social capital, cohesion, and disorganisation stress the importance of neighbourhood stability. This is because stability is regarded as necessary for building strong ties and friendships, which in turn affect educational outcomes. However, amongst the vast number of studies on the effect of neighbours on a child's education, none has tested whether neighbourhood stability matters. We fill this gap by estimating the causal effect of residential turnover on student test score gains. Estimation is based on administrative data on four cohorts of secondary school students in England, allowing us to control for pupil-level, neighbourhood-level, and school-by-cohort level unobservables and for changes in neighbourhood composition driven by students’ residential mobility. We show that a high turnover of same-school-grade students reduces value added for teenagers who stay in their neighbourhood, although turnover of other age groups does not matter. These results coupled with auxiliary findings based on survey data suggest that neighbours’ turnover damages education through the disruption of local ties and friendships, highlighting a so-far undiscovered spillover of mobility.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Gibbons & Olmo Silva & Felix Weinhardt, 2017. "Neighbourhood Turnover and Teenage Attainment," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 746-783.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jeurec:v:15:y:2017:i:4:p:746-783.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jeea/jvw018
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    Cited by:

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    2. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner & José Montalbán & Felix Weinhardt, 2021. "Home Broadband and Human Capital Formation," CESifo Working Paper Series 8846, CESifo.
    3. Stephen Gibbons & Olmo Silva & Maria Sánchez-Vidal, 2018. "The bedroom tax," CEP Discussion Papers dp1537, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. Barrios-Fernandez, Andres, 2019. "Should I stay of should I go? Neighbors' effects on university enrollment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 103426, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Danzer, Alexander M. & Feuerbaum, Carsten & Piopiunik, Marc & Woessmann, Ludger, 2018. "Growing Up in Ethnic Enclaves: Language Proficiency and Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 104, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    6. Sevrin Waights, 2018. "Does gentrification displace poor households? An 'identification-via-interaction' approach," CEP Discussion Papers dp1540, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    7. Gibbons, Stephen & Sanchez-Vidal, Maria & Silva, Olmo, 2020. "The bedroom tax," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    8. Eerola, Essi & Saarimaa, Tuukka, 2018. "Delivering affordable housing and neighborhood quality: A comparison of place- and tenant-based programs," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 44-54.
    9. Gibbons, Stephen & Sánchez-Vidal, Maria & Silva, Olmo, 2018. "The bedroom tax," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 91543, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    10. Gibbons, Stephen & Sánchez-Vidal, Maria & Silva, Olmo, 2018. "The bedroom tax," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 88688, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    11. Eva Berger, 2020. "Self-productivity and Cross-productivity in the Process of Skill Formation," Working Papers 2027, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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