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Neighborhoods and Academic Achievement: Results from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment

  • Lisa Sanbonmatsu
  • Jeffrey R. Kling
  • Greg J. Duncan
  • Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Families originally living in public housing were assigned housing vouchers by lottery, encouraging moves to neighborhoods with lower poverty rates. Although we had hypothesized that reading and math test scores would be higher among children in families offered vouchers (with larger effects among younger children), the results show no significant effects on test scores for any age group among over 5000 children ages 6 to 20 in 2002 who were assessed four to seven years after randomization. Program impacts on school environments were considerably smaller than impacts on neighborhoods, suggesting that achievement-related benefits from improved neighborhood environments are alone small.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11909.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 11909.

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Date of creation: Jan 2006
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Publication status: published as Revised and published in the Journal of Human Resources, 41:4 (Fall 2006), 649-691.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11909
Note: CH ED
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  17. Eric Gould & Victor Lavy & Daniele M. Paserman, 2004. "Immigrating to Opportunity: Estimating The Effect of School Quality Using a Natural Experiment On Ethiopians in Israel," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(2), pages 489-526, May.
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