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The effects of progressive income taxation on job turnover

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  • Gentry, William M.
  • Hubbard, R. Glenn

Abstract

We examine whether the level of the income tax rate and the convexity of the income tax schedule affect job mobility, as measured by moving to a better job. While the predicted effect of the level of the tax rate is ambiguous, we predict that an increase in the convexity of the tax schedule decreases job search activity by taxing away some of the benefits of a successful job search. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we estimate that both higher tax rates and increased tax rate progressivity decrease the probability that a head of household will move to a better job during the coming year. Our estimates imply that a five-percentage-point reduction in the marginal tax rate increases the average probability of moving to a better job by 0.79 percentage points (a 8.0 percent increase in the turnover propensity) and that a onestandard- deviation in our measure of tax progressivity would increase this probability by 0.86 percentage points (a 8.7 percent increase in the turnover propensity).
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  • Gentry, William M. & Hubbard, R. Glenn, 2004. "The effects of progressive income taxation on job turnover," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(11), pages 2301-2322, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:88:y:2004:i:11:p:2301-2322
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    3. William M. Gentry & R. Glenn Hubbard, 2005. ""Success Taxes," Entrepreneurial Entry, and Innovation," NBER Chapters, in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 5, pages 87-108, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Arnaud Dupuy & Alfred Galichon & Sonia Jaffe & Scott Duke Kominers, 2020. "Taxation In Matching Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 61(4), pages 1591-1634, November.
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    9. Richard Kneller & Danny McGowan, 2011. "Tax Policy and Firm Entry and Exit Dynamics: Evidence from OECD Countries," Discussion Papers 11/08, University of Nottingham, School of Economics.
    10. Kreiner, Claus Thustrup & Munch, Jakob Roland & Whitta-Jacobsen, Hans Jørgen, 2015. "Taxation and the long run allocation of labor: Theory and Danish evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 74-86.
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    13. Stuart Adam & Mike Brewer & Andrew Shephard, 2006. "Financial work incentives in Britain: comparisons over time and between family types," IFS Working Papers W06/20, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    14. Andrew Ojede & Bebonchu Atems & Steven Yamarik, 2018. "The Direct and Indirect (Spillover) Effects of Productive Government Spending on State Economic Growth," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(1), pages 122-141, March.
    15. Andrew Shephard, 2017. "Equilibrium Search And Tax Credit Reform," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 58(4), pages 1047-1088, November.
    16. Mina Baliamoune-Lutz & Pierre Garello, 2014. "Tax structure and entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 165-190, January.
    17. Hanlon, Michelle & Heitzman, Shane, 2010. "A review of tax research," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 127-178, December.
    18. Madalina Ecaterina Popescu & Eva Militaru & Larisa Stanila & Maria Denisa Vasilescu & Amalia Cristescu, 2019. "Flat-Rate versus Progressive Taxation? An Impact Evaluation Study for the Case of Romania," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-16, November.
    19. Richard Kneller & Danny McGowan, 2011. "Entrepreneurship Dynamics, Market Size and Fiscal Policy," Working Papers 11003, Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales).
    20. Kohl, Miriam, 2020. "Redistribution, selection, and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
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    23. Anca Cotet, 2009. "Death And Taxes: The Impact Of Progressive Taxation On Health," Working Papers 200903, Ball State University, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2009.
    24. Jason Taylor & Christopher Bailey, 2005. "Preferences for Government Size and their Effect on Labor-Leisure Decisions," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 8(5), pages 1-6.

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