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Efficiency Aspects of the Financing of Unemployment Insurance and Other Government Expenditure

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  • Christopher A. Pissarides

Abstract

This paper argues that if the disincentive effects of unemployment insurance result from higher reservation wages, they may be eliminated by financing benefits with a progressive income tax. The result is obtained within an equilibrium model with stochastic job matchings. An optimal tax formula is derived for a linear income tax, and shown to imply that the average tax rate should increase faster with income the higher the level of UI benefits relative to other government expenditure. In some cases optimal financing may require the subsidization of low-wage jobs.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher A. Pissarides, 1983. "Efficiency Aspects of the Financing of Unemployment Insurance and Other Government Expenditure," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(1), pages 57-69.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:restud:v:50:y:1983:i:1:p:57-69.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.2307/2296954
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    Cited by:

    1. Manning, Alan, 2001. "Labour supply, search and taxes," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(3), pages 409-434, June.
    2. Boone, Jan & Bovenberg, Lans, 2002. "Optimal labour taxation and search," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 53-97, July.
    3. Noritaka Kudoh, 2007. "Unemployment Policies In An Economy With Adverse Selection," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 179-196, April.
    4. Hansen, Claus Thustrup & Pedersen, Lars Haagen & Slok, Torsten, 2000. "Ambiguous effects of tax progressivity -- theory and Danish evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 335-347, May.
    5. Jean-Baptiste Michau, 2013. "On the Provision of Insurance Against Search-Induced Wage Fluctuations," Working Papers hal-00850547, HAL.
    6. Ljungqvist, Lars & Sargent, Thomas J., 1995. "The Swedish unemployment experience," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 1043-1070, May.
    7. Valerie A. Ramey & Matthew D. Shapiro, 1998. "Displaced Capital," NBER Working Papers 6775, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Morvay, Endre, 2012. "Munkapiac keresési súrlódásokkal
      [Job-seeking on the labour market, with frictions]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(2), pages 139-163.
    9. Alexis, PARMENTIER, 2006. "The effects of the marginal tax rate in a matching model with endogenous labor supply," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2006011, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
    10. Bosch, Mariano & Esteban-Pretel, Julen, 2015. "The labor market effects of introducing unemployment benefits in an economy with high informality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 1-17.
    11. Gentry, William M. & Hubbard, R. Glenn, 2004. "The effects of progressive income taxation on job turnover," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(11), pages 2301-2322, September.

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