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Cohort at risk: long-term consequences of conflict for child school achievement

Author

Listed:
  • Hendrik Jürges

    (University of Wuppertal, MEA, DIW, and ROA)

  • Luca Stella

    (Catholic University of Milan and IZA)

  • Sameh Hallaq

    (Al-Quds University
    Levy Economics Institute of Bard College)

  • Alexandra Schwarz

    (LVR)

Abstract

We investigate the long-term effects of households’ exposure to violent conflict on children’s educational attainment in primary school, studying cognitive and non-cognitive skills as possible causal channels. Our identification strategy exploits the locality-level variation in the intensity of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the West Bank during the Second Intifada (2000–2005). We show that an increase in family experience of conflict has large negative long-term effects on the educational attainment of children as measured by grade point averages. We find that non-cognitive rather than cognitive skills are the channels through which exposure affects children’s educational achievement.

Suggested Citation

  • Hendrik Jürges & Luca Stella & Sameh Hallaq & Alexandra Schwarz, 2022. "Cohort at risk: long-term consequences of conflict for child school achievement," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 35(1), pages 1-43, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:35:y:2022:i:1:d:10.1007_s00148-020-00790-6
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-020-00790-6
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    Cited by:

    1. Balázs Égert & Christine de la Maisonneuve, 2024. "The impact of the war on human capital and productivity in Ukraine," Policy Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3-4), pages 282-292, May.
    2. Sameh Hallaq, 2020. "The Palestinian Labor Market over the Last Three Decades," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_976, Levy Economics Institute.
    3. Balázs Égert & Christine de la Maisonneuve, 2024. "The impact of the war on human capital and productivity in Ukraine," Policy Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3-4), pages 282-292, May.
    4. Hector Galindo-Silva & Guy Tchuente, 2023. "Armed Conflict and Early Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence from Cameroon's Anglophone Conflict," Papers 2306.13070, arXiv.org.
    5. Di Maio, Michele & Leone Sciabolazza, Valerio, 2023. "Conflict exposure and labour market outcomes: Evidence from longitudinal data for the Gaza Strip," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C).
    6. Jürges Hendrik & Westermaier Franz G., 2020. "Conflict Intensity and Birth Outcomes – Evidence from the West Bank," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 20(2), pages 1-8, April.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Conflict; Schooling; Children; Non-cognitive skills;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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